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Last issue

╣ 2 (95), 2020


Edition of the journal is supported partially by the grant of the Fogarty International Center (FIC) of the National Institute of Health and Illinois University, Chicago.


ISSN 2077-7477 (Print)
ISSN 2077-7485 (Online)

A journal "Dovkillia ta zdorovia" (Environment & Health) publishes the articles on the problems in the field of medical ecology, hygiene, health protection and ecological safety.

Founder of the Journal:
State Institution "O.M. Marzeiev Institute for Hygiene and Medical Ecology of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine"

Frequency of publication:

Environment & HealthISSN: 2077-7477 eISSN: 2077-7485
No: 2 (95)   -   June, 2020   -   Pages: 54-58
Hygienic assessment of planning decisions for the cities with different city-forming base by the state of the environmental pollution and risk to the health of the populatio
Makhniuk V.M.1, Harkavyi S.I.2, NazarenkoV.I.3, Makhniuk V.V.4, Shevchenko ╬.└.5, Ryzhenko N.O.6
1 State Institution "O.M. Marz│eiev Institute for Public Health of the NAMSU"
2 O.O. Bohomolets National Medical University, Kyiv
3 State Institution źYu.I. Kundiiev Institute for Occupational Medicine, National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine╗, Kyiv
4 Ministry of Development of Communities and Territories of Ukraine, Kyiv
5 State Institution źDnipropetrovsk Medical Academy , Ministry of Public Health of Ukraine╗, Dnipro
6 Ministry of Public Health of Ukraine, Kyiv

Ë─╩: 711.4/6: 614.7:616-084

Objective: We developed the hygienic approaches to the assessment of planning decisions of the cities with different city-forming systems in terms of environmental pollution and risk to the health of the population.

Methods: We used a set of general scientific and special research methods: bibliosemantic (for the analysis of regulatory and legal literature in the sphere of town-planning), theoretical (evaluation of the retrospective data of the research on the hygiene of planning of the settlements), analytical (development of the method for hygienic evaluation for various purposes), sanitary-epidemiological examination of master plans of the cities and SPZ for the objects of different hazard class, epidemiological and medico-statistical ones. We applied a risk assessment methodology to evaluate the risk of exposure of chemical pollutants of ambient air of the cities to the population.

Results: The cities were studied taking into account the nature of the main sectors of the economy which form their city-forming base, as well as the features of the planning structure of the cities, which made it possible to identify the residential areas that were heavily influenced by the industrial enterprises and beyond their influence.
The obtained data make possible to develop measures for environmental adjustment and to resolve reasonably the issues of general plans for urban development of the cities, taking into account the specificity of the development of main industrial complexes, to make management decisions on the ground, their implementation to create safe conditions for human vital acitvity.
The processes of restructurization of the major branches of heavy industry, the consolidation and re-profiling of large industrial complexes and enterprises, and the intensive development of relatively small production facilities have become essential.
In connection with the scarcity of land resources in the largest cities and megalopolises, the issues of the siting of existing filling stations and the design of prospective residential buildings near them, as well as the siting of designed filling stations under conditions of existing residential development, amid the rapid motorization of modern society are becoming increasingly important and require legislative regulation of the standardization of the SPZ for modern filling stations, taking into account not only hygienic requirements, but also the requirements of fire safety.

city master plan, state of environmental pollution, risk to public health, sanitary protection zone, filling station
1. Serdiuk └.╠., Polka N.S., Makhniuk V.╠., Savina R.V. and Mohylnyi S.╠. Hihiiena planuvannia ta zabudovy naselenykh mists na varti hromadskoho zdorovia (do 85-richnoho yuvileiu DU ôInstytut hromadskoho zdorovia im. O.M. Marzieieva NAMNUö) [Hygiene of Planning and Building of the Settlements on the Watch of Public Health (in Commemoration of the 85th Anniversary of O.M. Marzieiev Institute for Public Health, NAMSU)]. Kyiv : Dedinform; 2017 : 271 p. (in Ukrainian).
2. Makhniuk V.╠. Naukove obgruntuvannia novykh hihiienichnykh pidkhodiv do suchasnoho mistobuduvannia v Ukraini : avtoref. dys. ů d-ra med. nauk : spets. 14.02.01 / DU źInstytut hihiieny ta medychnoi ekolohii im. O.M. Marzieieva NAMN Ukrainy╗ [Scientific Substantiation of the New Hygienic Approaches to Modern Town-Planning in Ukraine: Abs. Diss. Dr. Med. Sci. / SI ôO.M. Marzieiev Institute for Public Health, NAMSUö ]. Kyiv ; 2015: 39 p. (in Ukrainian).
3. Mohylnyi S.╠., Makhniuk V.╠., Zorina ╬.V. and Horval └.╩. Dovkillia ta zdorovia (Environment and Health). 2018 ; 3 (88) : 40-44 (in Ukrainian). DOI : https://doi.org/10.32402/dovkil2018.03.040
4. Makhniuk V. and Mohylnyi S. Georgian Medical News. 2019 ; 7-8(292-293) : 96-103.
5. Otsinka ryzyku dlia zdorovia naselennia vid zabrudnennia atmosfernoho povitria: metodychni rekomendatsii MR 2.2.12ľ142ľ2007. Zatv. MOZ Ukrainy, nakaz ╣ 184. Ofitsiine vydannia [Assessment of the Risk to the Health of the Population from Ambient Air Pollution: Guidelines MR 2.2.12-142-2007. Approved by the Ministry of Public Health of Ukraine, Order No. 184. Official Publication]. Kyiv ; 2007 : 28 p. (in Ukrainian).
6. Hranychno dopustymi kontsentratsii khimichnykh i biolohichnykh chynnykiv v atmosfernomu povitri naselenykh mists (zatv. 03.03.2015 r. t.v.o. holovnoho derzhavnoho sanitarnoho likaria Ukrainy) [Maximum Permissible Concentrations of Chemical and Biological Factors in Ambient Air of Settlements (approved by the Acting State Head Sanitary Doctor of Ukraine, 03.03.2015)]. Kyiv ; 2015 : 12 p. (in Ukrainian).
7. Derzhavni sanitarni pravyla planuvannia ta zabudovy naselenykh punktiv : DSP ╣ 173-96 [State Sanitary Regulations for Planning and Development of the Settlements: SSR ╣ 173-96]. (in Ukrainian). URL : http://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/z0379-96
8. Nazarenko V.▓. Kombinovana diia mahnitnoho polia promyslovoi chastoty, shumu, pidvyshchenoi temperatury povitria yak problema medytsyny pratsi : avtoref. dys. ů d-ra. biol. nauk : spets. 14.02.01 / DU źInstytut medytsyny pratsi im. Yu.I. Kundiieva NAMN Ukrainy╗ [Combined Effect of the Magnetic Field of Industrial Frequency, Noise, High Air Temperature as an Issue of Occupational Medicine: Abst. Dis. Dr. Biol. Sci. / SI źYu.I. Kundiiev Institute for Occupational Medicine, NAMSU]. Kyiv ; 2010 : 31 p. (in Ukrainian).
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