Home Page   -   Åditorial Board   -   Instructions to autors   -   Archive   -   Contact   -   Journal's Indexing UA   EN

Last issue

¹ 3 (92), 2019


Edition of the journal is supported partially by the grant of the Fogarty International Center (FIC) of the National Institute of Health and Illinois University, Chicago.


ISSN 2077-7477 (Print)
ISSN 2077-7485 (Online)

A journal "Dovkillia ta zdorovia" (Environment & Health) publishes the articles on the problems in the field of medical ecology, hygiene, health protection and ecological safety.

Founder of the Journal:
State Institution "O.M. Marzeiev Institute for Hygiene and Medical Ecology of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine"

Frequency of publication:

Environment & HealthISSN: 2077-7477 eISSN: 2077-7485
No: 4 (80)   -   2016   -   Pages: 41-45
Health self-assessment of Ukrainian population as a result of Chornobyl accident on the late phase
Vlasiuk N.V.1, Tarasiuk Ī.Ye.1, Antomonov M.Yu.1
1 State Institution "O.M. Marz³eiev Institute for Public Health of the NAMSU"

ÓÄŹ: 613.648.4:614.876:621.039.58

The objective was to perform scientific analysis of received data from questionnaire survey of Ukrainian population and to estimate dependence of self-assessment of respondents’ health on different factors at the late phase after the Chornobyl accident.

Methods. Data collection was carried out using specially designed questionnaire which was offered for young people and their parents in Rivne, Zhytomyr, Kyiv, Odesa regions, also in Kyiv city and Slavutych town. Results preprocessing was performed using standard programs in Microsoft Office 2010. Using contingency tables, Pearson and Spearman correlation coefficients, we assessed depending of health self-assessment in Ukrainian surveyed population from different factors in the late phase of the Chornobyl accident.

Results. According to the survey results obtained database contains 2918 correctly completed questionnaires; 36% of respondents were parents, 64% - schoolchildren and students. It was found statistically significant relationship: between health level and sex (χ2 = 163.31; š<0.001) – the most male respondents assess their health status more positively, unlike women; between health self-assessment and educational level (rS = 0.99; š<0.001), where much of the respondents with secondary education estimate their health worse than respondents with higher education; between health self-assessment and evaluation of radiation contamination of territory where respondents live (rS =0.24; š<0.001); and also between health self-assessment and assessment of radiation content in consumed food products (χ2 = 118.03; š<0.001). So regardless of health self-assessment surveyed Ukrainian population believe that they live on radiation contamination territories and consume food with radionuclides. One third of respondents with “good” and almost one third with “excellent” health self-assessment are confident of strong affects on their health and the health of their family members from Chornobyl, significant relationship (rS =0.33; š<0.001). It was identified significant relationship (χ2 =25.31; š<0.001) between health self-assessment of Ukrainian people and existence of the Exclusion Zone as legacy of accident on Chornobyl NPP; 91.52% of respondents with assessment “bad” and 81.75% with assessment “excellent” consider in such way.

Chornobyl accident, health self-assessment, radioanxiety, questionnaire survey, late phase of the accident, significant relationship
1. Prister B.S., Kliuchnikov A.A., Bariakhtar V.G., Shestopalov V.M. and Kukhar V.P. Problemy bezopasnosti atomnoi energetiki. Uroki Chernobylia : monografiia [Problems of Nuclear Power Safety. Lessons of Chernobyl : Monograph]. Chernobyl (Kyiv region); 2016 : 116 p. (in Russian).
2. Zykova I.A. and Arkhangelskaia G.V. Radiotrevozhnost naseleniia zagriaznennykh territorii i mery po ee snizheniiu: posobie dlia spetsialistov sluzhb Rospotrebnadzora [Radioanxiety in the Population of Contaminated Territories and Measures for its Decrease: Manual for Specialists of Rospotrebnadzor Services]. Sankt Petersburg; 2007 : 24 p. (in Russian).
3. Melnitskaia T.B. Informatsionno-psikhologicheskaia bezopasnost naseleniia v usloviiakh riska radiatsionnogo vozdeistviia: kontseptsiia, model, tekhnologii : diss. … doktora psikhologicheskikh nauk [Information–and-Psychological Safety of the Population under Conditions of Radiation Effect Risk: Conception, Model, Technology : Doctor of Sciences (Psychology) Thesis]. Sankt Petersburg ; 2009 : 429 p. (in Russian).
4. Marchenko T.A. and Abramova V.N. Kontseptsiia sotsialno-psikhologicheskoi reabilitatsii grazhdan, podvergavshikhsia avariinomu vozdeistviiu vsledstvie avarii i katastrof : prakticheskoe rukovodstvo po sovershenstvovaniiu informatsionnykh tekhnologii po rabote s naseleniem radioaktivno zagriaznennykh territorii [Conception of Social-and-Psychological Rehabilitation of the Citizens Exposed to the Accidents and Catastrophes: Practical Manual on the Improvement of Information Technology for the Work with the Population of Radioactively Contaminated Territories]. Obninsk (Russia) : Prognoz ; 2004 : 27 š. (in Russian).
5. Rumiantseva G.M. and Chinkina O.V. Radiatsionnaia gigiena. 2009 ; 2 (3) : 53-58 (in Russian).
6. Chornobyl i sotsium. Issue 4: Dynamika sotsialnykh protsesiv: sotsialno-psykholohichnyi monitorynh naslidkiv Chornobylskoi katastrofy [Chornobyl and Society. Issue 4 : Dynamics of Social Processes : Social-and-Psychological Monitoring of the Consequences of Chornobyl Catastrophe]. / Institut sotsiolohii NANU. Kyiv; 1998 : 247 p. (in Ukrainian).
7. Kyivskyi mizhnarodnyi instytut sotsiolohii Samootsinka stanu zdorovia naselennia Ukrainy. 2013 [Kyiv International Institute of Sociology. Self-Appraisal of the Health State of the Population of Ukraine. 2013]. (in Ukrainian). Available at: http://kiis.com.ua/?lang=ukr&cat=reports&id=212&page=6
8. Pro zniattia z ekspluatatsii Chornobylskoi AES, obiekt «Ukryttia» ta perspektyvy rozvytku zony vidchuzhennia : mater. parlamentskykh slukhan u Verkhovnii Radi Ukrainy 4.03.2015 p. [On the Removal from Service of the Chornobyl NPP, “Shelter” Object and Prospects of the Development of Alienation Zone : Materials of Parliamentary Discussions at the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, March 4, 2015 ] ] Kyiv : Parlamentske vydavnytstvo; 2015 : 91 (in Ukrainian).
Designed by: IPH NAMSU © Environment & Health, 2006-2019. All rights reserved.
Use of text and graphic materials of the site is allowed only upon written permission of the editoral board.