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3 (108), 2023


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Edition of the journal is supported partially by the grant of the Fogarty International Center (FIC) of the National Institute of Health and Illinois University, Chicago.

JOURNAL

ISSN 2077-7477 (Print)
ISSN 2077-7485 (Online)

A journal "Dovkillia ta zdorovia" (Environment & Health) publishes the articles on the problems in the field of medical ecology, hygiene, health protection and ecological safety.

Founder of the Journal:
State Institution "O.M. Marzeiev Institute for Hygiene and Medical Ecology of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine"

Frequency of publication:
quarterly

Environment & HealthISSN: 2077-7477 eISSN: 2077-7485
No: 3 (108)   -   2023   -   Pages: 31-38
Nutrition and stress: the challenges of martial state
Hulich M.P.1, Kharchenko O.O.1, Petrenko O.D.1, Yashchenko O.V.1, Liubarska L.S.1
1 State Institution "O.M. Marzeiev Institute for Public Health of the NAMSU", Kyiv

ABSTRACT:
The relevance of the problem lies in the fact that today's wartime causes distress in the majority of the population, which affects all systems and structures of the body and leads to psychosomatic disorders. The body's reaction to prolonged round-the-clock stress is accompanied by the depletion of relevant vitamins and microelements involved in stress adaptation mechanisms, and the accompanying polynutrient deficiency deepens the consequences of distress.

The purpose of the work: based on the principles of nutrition of people with increased psycho-emotional stress, to determine the necessary food products and the most important nutrients for alimentary prevention of chronic stress and stress adaptation during martial law.

The results. The conducted analysis shows that even in the difficult conditions of wartime, it is possible to reduce anxiety and reduce stress by correcting the diet. To support the body, it will be enough to consume even the simplest, budget products. You should consume protein foods (both animal and vegetable protein) and avoid foods with a high content saturated (solid) fats and sugar, because they only give a small influx of energy, and in the future lead to negative consequences.

Conclusions. A diet with a high content of fiber and fresh vegetables is necessary, providing an anti-stress reserve and a resource of vitamins A, C, group B and necessary trace elements. In addition, various cereals, bread, starchy vegetables contain slow carbohydrates, which will help maintain a feeling of satiety. Correcting and minimally diversifying food will help strengthen sleep, calm the nervous system and reduce stress.

KEYWORDS:
war-time, prolonged stress, nutritional correction, nutrients, vitamins, traceelements
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