|Environment & Health||ISSN: 2077-7477 eISSN: 2077-7485
No: 3 (108) - 2023 - Pages: 31-38
Nutrition and stress: the challenges of martial state
Hulich M.P.1, Kharchenko O.O.1, Petrenko O.D.1, Yashchenko O.V.1, Liubarska L.S.1
1 State Institution "O.M. Marz³eiev Institute for Public Health of the NAMSU", Kyiv
The relevance of the problem lies in the fact that today's wartime causes distress in the majority of the population, which affects all systems and structures of the body and leads to psychosomatic disorders. The body's reaction to prolonged round-the-clock stress is accompanied by the depletion of relevant vitamins and microelements involved in stress adaptation mechanisms, and the accompanying polynutrient deficiency deepens the consequences of distress.
The purpose of the work: based on the principles of nutrition of people with increased psycho-emotional stress, to determine the necessary food products and the most important nutrients for alimentary prevention of chronic stress and stress adaptation during martial law.
The results. The conducted analysis shows that even in the difficult conditions of wartime, it is possible to reduce anxiety and reduce stress by correcting the diet. To support the body, it will be enough to consume even the simplest, budget products. You should consume protein foods (both animal and vegetable protein) and avoid foods with a high content saturated (solid) fats and sugar, because they only give a small influx of energy, and in the future lead to negative consequences.
Conclusions. A diet with a high content of fiber and fresh vegetables is necessary, providing an anti-stress reserve and a resource of vitamins A, C, group B and necessary trace elements. In addition, various cereals, bread, starchy vegetables contain slow carbohydrates, which will help maintain a feeling of satiety. Correcting and minimally diversifying food will help strengthen sleep, calm the nervous system and reduce stress.
war-time, prolonged stress, nutritional correction, nutrients, vitamins, traceelements
1. Cohen S., Janicki-Deverts D., Doyle W.J., Miller G.E., Frank E., Rabin B.S., Turner R.B. Chronic stress, glucocorticoid receptor resistance, inflammation, and disease risk. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 2012 Apr 2 ; 109 (16) : 5995-9. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1118355109
4. Morera L.P., Marchiori G.N., Medrano L.A., Defagó M.D. Stress, Dietary Patterns and Cardiovascular Disease: A Mini-Review. Frontiers in Neuroscience. 2019 Nov 12 ; 13. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnins.2019.01226
6. Finch L.E., Tiongco-Hofschneider L., Tomiyama A.J. Chapter 15. Stress-Induced Eating Dampens Physiological and Behavioral Stress Responses. Watson R.R., editor. Nutrition in the Prevention and Treatment of Abdominal Obesity. 2-nd edition. 2019 : 175-87. https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-0-12-816093-0.00015-x
8. Prytulska N.V., Hulich M.P., Motuzka Yu.M., Aslanian S.A., Zarutskyi Ya.L., Laksha A.M., Antiushko D.P. Enteralna nutrityvna pidtrymka naselennia v umovakh nadzvychainykh sytuatsii [Enteral support of the population in emergency situations]. Kyiv : KNTEU ; 2018 : 280 p. (Ukrainian).
9. Naidu U. Yizha dlia mentalnoho zdorovia. Yak kharchuvatysia, shchob zhyty bez stresu, depresii, tryvozhnosti [Food for mental health. How to eat to live without stress, depression, anxiety]. Kharkiv: Nash format ; 2021 : 344 p. (Ukrainian).
10. O’Connor D.B. Chapter 11. Effects of stress and cortisol on eating behaviour in children and adolescents. Murphy PhN, editor; The Routledge International Handbook of Psychobiology. NY: Routledge ; 2018 : 179-90. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315642765-13
11. Ministry of Health of Ukraine [On the approval of the norms of physiological needs of the population of Ukraine in basic food substances and energy. Order No. 1073, 2017 Sep 3]; [cited 2023 Jul 14]. (Ukrainian). Available from: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/z1206-17#Text
12. Skurikhin Ye., Volgareva M., editors. Khimicheskiy sostav produktov pitaniya [Chemical composition of food products]. Moscow: Agropromizdat ; 1987 : 360 p. (Russian).
14. Bradbury J., Myers S.P., Oliver C. An adaptogenic role for omega-3 fatty acids in stress; a randomised placebo controlled double blind intervention study (pilot) [ISRCTN22569553]. Nutrition Journal. 2004 Nov 28 ; 3 (1). https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2891-3-20
15. Hula N.M., Marhitych V.M. Zhyrni kysloty ta yikh pokhidni pry patolohichnykh stanakh [Fatty acids and their derivatives in pathological conditions]. Kyiv : Naukova dumka ; 2009 : 335 p. (Ukrainian).
17. Reznikov O.H., Polumbryk O.M., Balon Ya.H., Polumbryk M.O. [Pro- and antioxidant systems and pathological processes in the human body]. Visnyk NAN Ukrainy. 2014 ; (10) : 17-29. (Ukrainian). https://doi.org/10.15407/visn2014.10.017
18. Oleksiuk N.P., Yanovych V.H. [The content of vitamins A, E and carotenoids in various organs and tissues of pond fish]. Naukovo-tekhnichnyi biuleten IBT i DNDKI vetpreparativ ta kormovykh dobavok. 2007 ; 8 (1, 2) : 52-5. (Ukrainian).
19. DeLuca G.C., Kimball S.M., Kolasinski J., Ramagopalan S.V., Ebers G.C. Review: The role of vitamin D in nervous system health and disease. Neuropathology and Applied Neurobiology. 2013 Jul 9 ; 39 (5) : 458-84. https://doi.org/10.1111/nan.12020
21. Maebashi M., Makino Y., Furukawa Y., Ohinata K., Kimura S., Sato T. Therapeutic Evaluation of the Effect of Biotin on Hyperglycemia in Patients with Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus. Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition. 1993 ; 14 (3) : 211-8. https://doi.org/10.3164/jcbn.14.211
22. Trakhtenberh I., Chekman I., Lynnyk V., Kaplunenko V., Hulich M., Biletska E. et al. [Interaction of trace elements: biological, medical and social aspects]. Visnyk NAN Ukrainy. 2013 ; (6) : 11-8. (Ukrainian). https://doi.org/10.15407/visn2013.06.011
23. Vyslui A. [The role of magnesium in the regulation of physiological processes in the body]. Novyny medytsyny ta farmatsii. 2008 Mar 30 ; (6) 238) : 14. (Russian).
24. Gulich MP, Kharchenko OO, Yemchenko NL, Yermolenko VP, Moiseienko IYe. [Magnesium citrates obtained by aqua nanotechnology: chemical and biological characteristics]. Dovkillia ta zdorovia [Environment & health]. 2014;(4):14-8. (Ukrainian).
25. Gulich M.P., Yemchenko N.L., Kaplinenko V.G., Kharchenko O.O. Trace Elements Zinc and Selenium: Their Significance in the Conditions of the COVID-19 Pandemic. Mikrobiolohichnyi Zhurnal. 2023 Feb 23 ; 85 (1 : 36-45. https://doi.org/10.15407/microbiolj85.01.036
27. Sadohurska K.V., Kaplunenko V.H., Chekman I.S. [Chromium and nanochromium: properties, prospects for use in medical practice]. Ukrainskyi medychnyi chasopys. 2014 ; (1) : 14-6. (Ukrainian).
28. Shcherbak S.O., Kyriienko D.V., Butylin V.Iu., Fus S., Shcherbak O. [The use of complex medicinal products containing trace elements in the treatment of patients with diabetes]. Farmatsevtychnyi zhurnal. 2004 ; (1) : 101-4. (Ukrainian).