|Environment & Health||ISSN: 2077-7477 eISSN: 2077-7485
No: 4 (97) - December, 2020 - Pages: 14-20
Behaviour typologies in ukrainian children and adolescents at the implementation of quarantine measures during COVID-19 pandemic
Yelizarova O.T.1, Polka N.S.1, Hozak S.V.1, Parats A.M.1, Lynchak O.V.1, Stankevych T.V.1
1 State Institution "O.M. Marz³eiev Institute for Public Health of the NAMSU"
For the effective and safe implementation of quarantine measures for the prevention of infectious diseases, it is necessary to a create the conditions for the maintenance of physical and mental health of the population, especially of the children and adolescents, the most vulnerable part of it. The monitoring of quarantine conditions, as well as a lifestyle of children with the identification of possible negative factors affecting the health of schoolchildren, is a prerequisite of it.
Objective: We assessed the living conditions of school-age children during the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown.
Materials and methods: We analyzed the results of the online survey of the parents of 920 children and adolescents from all regions of Ukraine (497 boys and 432 girls). All respondents signed informed consent. Data were collected from April 17 to June 5, 2020. We applied STATISTICA 8.0 for statistical analysis.
Results: Only (59.4±1.7)% of urban and (33.1±4.3)% of rural families with school-age children adhered to quarantine rules (p<0.001). The probability of the deviation from the quarantine rules is 1.7 times higher in rural regions than in urban ones (RR=1.65; CI 1.42-1.92; p<0.001), and 1.4 times higher in the parents with secondary education than in the parents with higher education (RR = 1.41; CI 1.22-1.62; p<0.001). (25.0±1.4)% of school-age children were determined not to leave their homes during the lockdown. About 60% of school-age children went for a walk 1-7 times a week (10-60 min/day). Proportion of children and adolescents with walk duration of more than 60 min/day with a frequency of 5-7 times a week during quarantine made up only (10.3±1.0)%, while before quarantine - 48.5%.
Conclusions: Revealed trends demonstrate a need for the development and promotion of the measures for the rise of the population awareness on the importance of compliance with quarantine rules, taking into account demographic and social characteristics. It is necessary to develop ways to achieve optimal duration of outdoor walk for children.
children and adolescents, quarantine, COVID-19 pandemic, behaviour, social distance.
2. Lau H., Khosrawipour V. and Kocbach P. The Positive Impact of Lockdown in Wuhan on Containing the COVID-19 Outbreak in China. J Travel Med. 2020 ; 27 (3) : taaa037. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/jtm/taaa037
3. Wilder-Smith A. and Freedman D.O. Isolation, Quarantine, Social Distancing and Community Containment: Pivotal Role for Old-Style Public Health Measures in the Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Outbreak. J Travel Med. 2020 ; 27 (2) : taaa020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/jtm/taaa020
4. Sprang G. and Silman M. Posttraumatic stress disorder in parents and youth after health-related disasters. Disaster Med Public Health Prep. 2013 ; 7 (1) : 105-110. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2013.22
5. Duan L., Shao X., Wang Y. et al. An Investigation of Mental Health Status of Children and Adolescents in China during the Outbreak of COVID-19. J Affect Disord. 2020 ; 275 : 112-118. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2020.06.029
6. Shiroma E.J. and Lee I.M. Physical Activity and Cardiovascular Health: Lessons Learned from Epidemiological Studies Across Age, Gender, and Race/Ethnicity. Circulation. 2010 ; 122 (7) : 743-752. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.109.914721
8. Hozak S.V., Parats A.M., Yelizarova O.T., Shumak O.V. and Filonenko O.O. Hihiienichne obhruntuvannia hranychno dopustymoho navchalnoho navantazhennia uchniv u zahalnoosvitnikh navchalnykh zakladakh [Hygienic Substantiation of the Maximum Allowable Training Load in the Students at Secondary Schools]. In : Aktualni pytannia zakhystu dovkillia ta zdorovia naselennia Ukrainy (rezultaty naukovykh rozrobok 2016 r.) [Current Issues of Environmental Protection and Health of the Population of Ukraine (Results of the Scientific Developments in 2016)]. Kyiv ; 2017 ; 3 : 203-248 (in Ukrainian).
9. Polka N.S., Hozak S.V., Yelizarova O.T., Parats A.V., Stankevych T.V., Kalynychenko I.O., Zaikina H.L. and Latina H.O. Rozumova pratsezdatnist, navchalne navantazhennia ta sposib zhyttia suchasnykh shkoliariv: hihiienichni aspekty : monohrafiia [Mental Capacity, Training Load, and Life Style of Modern Schoolchildren: Hygienic Aspects: Monograph]. Kyiv : Medinform ; 2018 : 214 p. (in Ukrainian).
10. Hozak S.V., Yelizarova O.T. and Parats A.M. Dynamika rukhovoi aktyvnosti miskykh uchniv serednoho shkilnoho viku. Pedahohichni nauky: teoriia, istoriia, innovatsiini tekhnolohii. 2016 ; 3 : 93-104 (in Ukrainian).
11. Rothe C., Schunk M., Sothmann P. et al. Transmission of 2019-nCoV Infection from an Asymptomatic Contact in Germany. N Engl J Med. 2020 ; 382 (10) : 970-971. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMc2001468
12. Kumaravel S.K., Subramani R.K., Jayaraj Sivakumar T.K., Madurai Elavarasan R., Manavalanagar Vetrichelvan A., Annam A., Subramaniam U. Investigation on the Impacts of COVID-19 Quarantine on Society and Environment: Preventive Measures and Supportive Technologies. Biotech. 2020 ; 10 (9) : 393. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13205-020-02382-3.
13. Nussbaumer-Streit B., Mayr V., Dobrescu A.I., Chapman A., Persad E, Klerings I. et al. Quarantine Alone or in Combination with Other Public Health Measures to Control COVID-19: a Rapid Review. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2020 ; 4 (4) : CD013574. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD013574
14. Canals M., Cuadrado C., Canals A., Yohannessen K., Lefio L.A., Bertoglia M.P. et al. Epidemic Trends, Public Health Response and Health System Capacity: The Chilean Experience in Four Months of the COVID-19 Pandemic. Rev Panam Salud Publica. 2020 ; 44 : e99. DOI: https://doi.org/10.26633/RPSP.2020.99