Home Page   -   ditorial Board   -   Instructions to autors   -   Archive   -   Contact   -   Journal's Indexing UA   EN


Last issue

2 (103), 2022


Support

Edition of the journal is supported partially by the grant of the Fogarty International Center (FIC) of the National Institute of Health and Illinois University, Chicago.

JOURNAL

ISSN 2077-7477 (Print)
ISSN 2077-7485 (Online)

A journal "Dovkillia ta zdorovia" (Environment & Health) publishes the articles on the problems in the field of medical ecology, hygiene, health protection and ecological safety.

Founder of the Journal:
State Institution "O.M. Marzeiev Institute for Hygiene and Medical Ecology of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine"

Frequency of publication:
quarterly

Environment & HealthISSN: 2077-7477 eISSN: 2077-7485
No: 3 (88)   -   September, 2018   -   Pages: 62-66
Awareness and understanding of the threats for the health of the behavioral risk factors in the development of non-communicable diseases by the young people as an important component of the implementation of preventive measures
Serdiuk A.M.1, Gulich M.P.1, Koblianska A.V.1, Liubarska L.S.1
1 State Institution "O.M. Marzeiev Institute for Public Health of the NAMSU"

ABSTRACT:
Background: The topicality is stipulated by the necessity for the study both the level of the awareness of young people regarding risk factors of the development of non-communicable diseases and the level of their prevalence for the prediction of the consequences of the implementation of preventive measures.
Objective: We determined the level of the awareness of the students about behavioral risk factors for the development of non-communicable diseases and understanding of the threats of these factors by them.
Materials and methods: We performed the questionary in the students (430 respondents) of the Kyiv National Trade and Economic University in the speciality: food technology and commodity science about main risk factors for the development of non-communicable diseases and understanding of the role of the lifestyle for the health preservation in the young people.
Results: The majority of the students was shown to be aware of the influence of the behavioral factors on the development of non-communicable diseases, the effect of inefficient nutrition - 87.4%, insufficient physical activity - 80.9%, alcohol and low-alcohol beverages - 92.2%, smoking - 91.6%. However, this awareness does not lead to understanding of the threat for their health: they consume sweet fizzy and low-alcohol beverages (girls - 68%, boys - 92%, girls - 65%, boys - 71% , respectively), every third girl and over 40% prefer to drink tea or coffee with 2 or more spoons of sugar, use 25 grams and more salt daily, and 25% of the respondents consume margarines and spreads, about 25% do not consume fruits and vegetables every day, 23.8% of the girls, 43.7% of the boys, and 10.3% of the respondents smoke cigarettes and use drugs.
Only 55% of the respondents were estimated to point to an active lifestyle and maintaining of their physical form.
The study indicates the need for the further improvement of the information and training programs to improve the awareness and understanding of the dangers of the main behavioral risk factors for the development of non-communicable diseases by the young people.

KEYWORDS:
non-communicable diseases, behavioral risk factors, lifestyle, awareness, understanding, questionnaires
REFERENCES:
2. WHO Global status report on noncommunicable diseases 2014 : Attaining the nine global noncommunicable diseases targets; a shared responsibility. 2014. https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/148114/9789241564854_eng.pdf;jsessionid=56136821DEC08BE3EBF11DDA6EF4AA8A?sequence=1
4. A Strategy to Prevent Chronic Disease in Europe. A Focus on Public Health Action. The CINDI Vision. Copenhagen ; 2005. 64 p.
5. Serdiuk .., Polka N.S. and Gulich .P. Zhurnal Akademii medychnykh nauk. 2010 ; 16 (2) : 299-307 (in Ukrainian).
6. Gulich .P. and Koblianska .V. Dovkillia ta zdorovia. 2010 ; 2 : 57-62 (in Ukrainian).
7. Implementing a Health 2020 Vision: Governance for Health in the 21st Century. Making it Happen. WHO ; 2013 : 92 p.
8. Molod v sviti, shcho zminiuetsia [Young People in a Changing World]. Geneva : UNICEF ; 2000 : 44 p. (in Ukrainian).
9. The World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL) BREF / WHO, 2004. URL : http://www.who.int/substance_abuse/research_tools/en/russian_whoqol.pdf
10. Kachestvennye indicatory dlia monitoring dostizheniia tselevykh orientirov politiki Zdorovie-2020 [Qualitative Indicators for Monitoring Health 2020 Policy Targets]. Copenhagen : WHO ; 2014. 50 p. (in Russian).
11. Razrabotka pokazatelei dlia tselevykh orientirov politiki Zdorovie-2020. Pervoe soveshchanie gruppy ekspertov [Developing Indicators for the Health 2020 Targets (Utrecht, Netherland, 1819.2012)]. WHO ; 2016 : 43 p. URL : http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0016/172510/Developing-indicators-for-the-Health-2020-targets-Rus.pdf?ua=1
12. Doklad o sostoianii zdravookhraneniia v Evrope 2015. Tselevye orientiry I bole shyrokaia perspektiva novye rubezhi v rabote s fakticheskimi dannymi [The European Health Report 2015. Targets and Beyond Reaching New Frontiers in Evidence]. WHO ; 2015. (in Russian). URL : http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0008/291518/EHR_High_RU_WEB_01.pdf?ua=1
13. Antomonov . Yu. Matematicheskaia obrabotka I analiz medico-biologicheskikh dannykh [Mathematical Processing and Analysis of Medico-Biological Data]. iev ; 2006 : 558 p. (in Russian).
14. Promoting Fruit and Vegetable Consumption Around the World. URL : http://www.who.int/dietphysicalactivity/fruit/ru/index1.html
15. Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health. WHO ; 2004.
16. Pitanie I zdorovie v Evrope. Novaia osnova dlia deistvii resume [Food and Health in Europe : a New Basis for Action]. Copenhagen : WHO Regional Office for Europe ; 2003. 38 p. (in Russian). URL : http://www.euro.who.int/document/e78578R.pdf
17. Guideline: Sugars intake for adults and children. WHO ; 2015. 59 p. http://www.who.int/nutrition/publications/guidelines/sugars_intake/ru/
18. Balakirieva .., Bondar .V., Artiukh .P. et al. Stan ta chynnyky zdorovia ukrainskykh pidlitkiv : monografiia [State and Factors of the Health of the Ukrainian Adolescents : Monograph]. yiv : UNICEF ; 2011 : 172 p. (in Ukrainian).
Designed by: IPH NAMSU Environment & Health, 2006-2022. All rights reserved.
Use of text and graphic materials of the site is allowed only upon written permission of the editoral board.