Home Page   -   Ňditorial Board   -   Instructions to autors   -   Archive   -   Contact   -   Journal's Indexing UA   EN


Last issue

Ļ 3 (108), 2023


Support

Edition of the journal is supported partially by the grant of the Fogarty International Center (FIC) of the National Institute of Health and Illinois University, Chicago.

JOURNAL

ISSN 2077-7477 (Print)
ISSN 2077-7485 (Online)

A journal "Dovkillia ta zdorovia" (Environment & Health) publishes the articles on the problems in the field of medical ecology, hygiene, health protection and ecological safety.

Founder of the Journal:
State Institution "O.M. Marzeiev Institute for Hygiene and Medical Ecology of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine"

Frequency of publication:
quarterly

Environment & HealthISSN: 2077-7477 eISSN: 2077-7485
No: 3 (108)   -   2023   -   Pages: 62-69
The influence of learning factors and daily routine on the health of school-age children: results of scientific research of the laboratory of social determinants of childrenís health during 2017-2022
Hozak S.V.1, Yelizarova O.T.1, Stankevych T.V.1, Parats A.M.1
1 State Institution "O.M. Marz≥eiev Institute for Public Health of the NAMSU", Kyiv

ABSTRACT:
The aim of the study was to examine the effects of learning and behavioural factors on the health and adaptability of school-aged children.

Methods. The article presents the research results on the influence of behavioural and learning factors on the health of school-aged children based on the findings of three scientific research projects in the Laboratory of Social Determinants of Children's Health during 2017-2022. QAPACE, Q-RAPH, GPAQ, and RCADS-P-25 questionnaires were used for data collection. Physical and mental parameters were measured to evaluate health, computed comprehensive indicators, and analyzed behavioural factors. Statistical analysis was performed using STATISTICA 8.0 and IBM SPSS STATISTICS 26.

Results. Significant differences were found in the duration of both total and different types of physical activity (PA), sedentary behaviour, sleep duration and quality in groups of children with different levels of health before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. Moderate-to-vigorous PA, about 60 min/day, the most maintained a high level of children's health, confirming other scientists' findings. Optimal levels of daily and weekly different PA were calculated for school-age children by age group and gender under ordinary living conditions and quarantine measures.
Our research has shown how children adapt to distance learning varies significantly depending on the format used. Synchronous e-learning was the most beneficial and recommended approach for promoting the well-being of school-age children, whereas assigning independent work tasks through messaging platforms was less favourable.

Conclusions. A significant influence of the format of distance learning and daily routine factors on the health and adaptation of school-age children in everyday living and during quarantine measures was established. We found that disrupting children's daily routines and excessive sedentary behaviour can interfere with adaptation and increase the potential for maladaptive responses to stress. Therefore, following physical activity guidelines for school-aged children based on their physiological and psychological characteristics is crucial to promote overall health and well-being.

KEYWORDS:
health, school-age children, distance learning, physical activity, sleep, sedentary behaviour, anxiety, depression, adaptation, quarantine, stressors
REFERENCES:
1. Polka N, Hozak S, Yelizarova O, Parats A, Stankevych T, Kalynychenko I, et al. Rozumova pratsezdatnist, navchalne navantazhennia ta sposib zhyttia suchasnykh shkoliariv: hihiienichni aspekty [Mental capacity, academic load and lifestyle of modern schoolchildren: hygienic aspects]. Polka N, Hozak S, editors. Kyiv : Medinform ; 2018 : 211 p. (Ukrainian).
2. Kalynychenko I, editor. Zberezhennia ta zmitsnennia zdorovia ditei v umovakh suchasnykh navchalnykh zakladiv: problemy ta perspektyvy [Preservation and strengthening of children's health in the conditions of modern educational institutions: problems and prospects]. Sumy, Ukraine ; 2017 : 214 p. (Ukrainian).
3. Biddle S.J., Asare M. Physical activity and mental health in children and adolescents: a review of reviews. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2011 Aug 1 ; 45 (11) : 886-95. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2011-090185
4. Janssen I., LeBlanc A.G. Systematic review of the health benefits of physical activity and fitness in school-aged children and youth. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. 2010;7(1):40. https://doi.org/10.1186/1479-5868-7-40
5. Hume S, Brown SR, Mahtani KR. School closures during COVID-19: an overview of systematic reviews. BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine. 2023 Mar 31 ; 28 : 164-74. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjebm-2022-112085
6. Samji H., Wu J., Ladak A., Vossen C., Stewart E., Dove N., Long D., Snell G. Review: Mental health impacts of the COVIDĖ19 pandemic on children and youth Ė a systematic review. Child and Adolescent Mental Health. 2022 ; (2) : 173-89. https://doi.org/10.1111/camh.12501
7. Pang J.C., Chan E.L., Lau H.M., Reeves K.K., Chung T.H., Hui H.W. et al. The impacts of physical activity on psychological and behavioral problems, and changes in physical activity, sleep and quality of life during the COVID-19 pandemic in preschoolers, children, and adolescents: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Frontiers in Pediatrics. 2023 Mar 13 ; 11. https://doi.org/10.3389/fped.2023.1015943
8. Barbosa N., Sanchez C., Vera J., Perez W., Thalabard J., Rieu M. A physical activity questionnaire: reproducibility and validity. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine. 2007 ; (6) : 505-18.
9. Yelizarova O., Stankevych T., Parats A., Antomonov M., Polka N., Hozak S. Specific features of the ukrainian urban adolescentsí physical activity: a cross-sectional study. Journal of Environmental and Public Health. 2020 Apr 9 ; 2020 : 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1155/2020/3404285
10. Polka N., Hozak S., Yelizarova O., Stankevych T., Parats A. [The latest approach to the assessment of adolescent health in hygienic studies]. Zhurnal Natsionalnoi akademii medychnykh nauk Ukrainy. 2019 ; 25 (3) : 337-9. (Ukrainian).
11. Ebesutani C., Reise S.P., Chorpita B.F., Ale C., Regan J., Young J., et al. The revised child anxiety and depression scale-short version: scale reduction via exploratory bifactor modeling of the broad anxiety factor. Psychological Assessment. 2012 ; 24 (4) : 833-45. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0027283
Designed by: IPH NAMSU © Environment & Health, 2006-2023. All rights reserved.
Use of text and graphic materials of the site is allowed only upon written permission of the editoral board.