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1 (102), 2022


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Edition of the journal is supported partially by the grant of the Fogarty International Center (FIC) of the National Institute of Health and Illinois University, Chicago.

JOURNAL

ISSN 2077-7477 (Print)
ISSN 2077-7485 (Online)

A journal "Dovkillia ta zdorovia" (Environment & Health) publishes the articles on the problems in the field of medical ecology, hygiene, health protection and ecological safety.

Founder of the Journal:
State Institution "O.M. Marzeiev Institute for Hygiene and Medical Ecology of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine"

Frequency of publication:
quarterly

Environment & HealthISSN: 2077-7477 eISSN: 2077-7485
No: 1 (102)   -   FEBRUARY, 2022   -   Pages: 45-52
Features of diabetes mellitus impact on parodontitis occurrence among people aged 18-24 years using hygienic and clinical-and-laboratory diagnosis
Fera M.O.1, Keniuk A.T.1, Penzelyk I.V.1, Kryvanych V.M.1, Fera O.V.1, Kryvanych A.V.1
1 Uzhhorod National University, Uzhhorod, Ukraine

ABSTRACT:
The results of the scientific research of the features of diabetes mellitus impact on the occurrence of parodontitis among people aged 18 - 24 years are represented in the article. Diabetes melliyus is one of the main risk factors affecting the occurrence of parodontitis. Parodont diseases are one of the main causes of premature tooth loss, which leads to the deformities and a decrease in the functionality of the maxillodental system, a decrease in the volume of bone tissue, which complicates the complex orthopedic rehabilitation of the patients.

Objective: We analyzed the features of diabetes impact on parodontitis development among people aged 18 to 24 years while using the methods of complex hygienic and clinical-laboratory diagnostics for the prevention of disorders of osteointegration processes.

Materials and methods: The study was conducted among the residents of Uzhgorod city aged 18 to 24 years on the basis of the University Dental Clinic and private dental clinics. 387 patients were examined during 2016-2020. In the study, we used hygienic and clinical-and-laboratory diagnostic methods. We examined people with diabetes of type I and type II and diagnosed parodontitis.

Results and discussion: The results of mathematical-and-statistical analysis confirm the impact of diabetes mellitus on the development of parodontitis in people aged 8-24 years among examined population.

Conclusions: It was established that the manifestations of parodontitis depend more on the severity of diabetes mellitus than on its duration (r=0.74, tST=2.5413, F= 2.59441 while Fcrit= 2.447). The negative impact of diabetes mellitus on the condition of the maxillary tissue also has been determined (bone resorption - r = 0.87, tST = 2.75257, F = 5.582 at Fcrit = 2.447).

KEYWORDS:
diabetes mellitus, periodontitis, age group 18-24 years, hygienic diagnostics, clinical and laboratory diagnostics
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