|Environment & Health||ISSN: 2077-7477 eISSN: 2077-7485
No: 3 (108) - 2023 - Pages: 39-44
Criteria assessment of the harmful effect of industrial waste of various industries according to international standards
Stankevych V.V.1, Kostenko A.I.1, Trakhtenherts H.Ya.1, Kakura I.V.1, Fedoryshyna Î.M.1, Gumennikova N.M.1
1 State Institution "O.M. Marz³eiev Institute for Public Health of the NAMSU", Kyiv
Aim: to define the criteria of estimation of harmful action of industrial wastes by the different ways of entering organism.
Objects and research methods. The objects of the study were industrial waste from various branches of enterprises. Research methods: sanitary-chemical, toxicological, radiological, biological: according to bacteriological and helminthological indicators, the method of hygienic analysis.
Results of research and their discussion. The study of industrial waste from various branches of origin made it possible to establish that the physico-mechanical and chemical properties of waste determine the effects of their action on the body and are one of the important criteria for harmful effects on the health of the population.
Red sludge - waste in the form of a powdery mass of finely dispersed particles), highly volatile, has a high ability to form dust. The content of toxic compounds of heavy metals in the form of hydroxides (pH - 11.7) characterizes the waste as dangerous when entering the body by inhalation, oral and percutaneous means.
Thermal energy waste - fly ash, ash-slag mixtures, slurries containing toxic compounds of metals, mainly vanadium, differ in physical and mechanical properties and chemical composition, which determines their dangerous properties. When inhaled into the body, such waste belongs to class II - highly dangerous substances. Waste from the tailings depository of the Ingulets Mining and Processing Plant is characterized by a high content of toxic iron compounds (Fe - 14.5%) and a dust factor, which is the most dangerous for atmospheric air pollution with a harmful effect on human respiratory organs. For waste of organic origin, the most important evaluation criterion is biological (microbiological and helminthological) indicators, which guarantee the degree of epidemiological safety of such waste.
The results of our research allow us to state that industrial waste from the most common industries is characterized by hazardous properties, the predominant factor of which is the dust factor, which must be taken into account when handling such waste, and the introduction of modern dust suppression technologies. It is also necessary to take into account that in the waste composition of even one branch of industry, chemical compounds are characterized by various negative effects on the body. Therefore, a comprehensive sanitary-epidemiological assessment of waste with the determination of its dangerous properties according to medical criteria, establishing the hazard class of waste in various ways of entering the body is the basis for preventing their negative impact on the health of the population, which will contribute to the development of measures for controlled waste management.
Conclusions. Taking into account the hazardous properties of waste according to medical criteria is an important factor necessary for conducting a comprehensive sanitary-epidemiological assessment of industrial waste and developing measures for controlled waste management.
industrial wastes, toxicity, criteria of estimation, biological indexes, class of danger
1. Directive 2006/12/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 April 2006 on waste. Official Journal of the European Union [Internet]. 2006 ; (L 21. 114/9):9. Available from: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/dir/2006/12/oj
2. Levchenko A., Ihnatenko M., Khobotova E. Zabrudnennia vazhkymy metalamy hruntiv poblyzu teplovykh elektstantsii. In: Enerhetyka. Ekolohiia. Liudyna [Energy. Ecology. Human]; 2013 May 23-24; Kyiv, Ukraine. Kyiv : NTUU «KPI» ; 2013 : 462-8 (Ukrainian).
3. Siaber M. [The problem of ash utilization of coal-fired thermal power plants and cleaning of flue gases]. Enerhetyka ta Elektryfikatsiia. 2013 ; (10) : 14-7 (Ukrainian).
4. Chernychenko I.O., Balenko N.V., Lytvychenko O.M., Babii V.F., Kondratenko O.Y., Hlavachek D.O. [Chemical pollution of atmospheric air and modern policy of its quality at the international level and in the leading countries of the world (review of literature and regulatory data)]. Dovkillia ta zdorovia (Environment & Health). 2023 Mar ; 1 (106) : 35-42. (Ukrainian). Available from: https://doi.org/10.32402/dovkil2023.01.035
5. Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 2008 on classification, labelling and packaging of substances and mixtures, amending and repealing Directives 67/548/EEC and 1999/45/EC, and amending Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006. Official Journal of the European Union. 2008 ; (L 1355 ; 353/1) : 1. Available from: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=celex:32008R1272
6. Kyiashko V., Salii I., Yakovenko L., Malynovskyi Y. [Perspective directions of utilization of wastes of mining and processing production]. Ekolohichni nauky. 2020 ; 31 (4). Available from: (Ukrainian) https://doi.org/10.32846/2306-9716/2020.eco.4-31.15
8. Valovoi O., Valovoi M., Afanasiev V. [The issue of ecology and disposal of waste is a prospect for the development of the mining industry]. Ekolohichni nauky. 2021 ; 4 (31) : 103-6 (Ukrainian).
9. Stankevych V., Tarabarova S. [Hygienic aspects of the use of industrial wastewater for irrigation of agricultural lands]. In: Sbornik trudov XIX mezhdunarodnoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii [Proceedings of the X²X International Scientific and Practical Conference]. Kharkov, Ukraine ; 2011 ; III : 167-70 (Ukrainian).
10. Directive 2008/98/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 November 2008 on waste and repealing certain Directives. Official Journal of the European Union. 2008 ; (L30 ; 312/3) : 3. Available from: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/dir/2008/98/oj