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4 (89), 2018


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Edition of the journal is supported partially by the grant of the Fogarty International Center (FIC) of the National Institute of Health and Illinois University, Chicago.

JOURNAL

ISSN 2077-7477 (Print)
ISSN 2077-7485 (Online)

A journal "Dovkillia ta zdorovia" (Environment & Health) publishes the articles on the problems in the field of medical ecology, hygiene, health protection and ecological safety.

Founder of the Journal:
State Institution "O.M. Marzeiev Institute for Hygiene and Medical Ecology of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine"

Frequency of publication:
quarterly

Environment & HealthISSN: 2077-7477 eISSN: 2077-7485
No: 4 (89)   -   December, 2018   -   Pages: 36-40
Study of atmospheric air pollution with particulate matters (PM10 AND PM2.5) in Kyiv
Turos O.I.1, Maremukha T.P.1, Petrosian A.A.1, Brezitska N.V.1
1 State Institution "O.M. Marzeiev Institute for Public Health of the NAMSU"

: 614.7 (477-25)

ABSTRACT:
Objective: We performed a hygienic assessment of the air pollution level with dust particulate matters (PM10 and PM2.5) in Kyiv.
Materials and methods: Instrumental measurements of PM10 and PM2.5 concentrations in the atmospheric air were carried out from January to September 2018. The stationary monitoring station for suspended particles is located at the address: 50 Popudrenko str., Kyiv and equipped with APDA-371 (HORIBA) analyzers which provide automatic continuous measurement of concentrations with hourly averaging of data. The obtained findings were processed with the help of the software package Statistica, the results were compared with the maximum values recommended by WHO and Directive 2008/50/EC.
Results and conclusions: Analysis of data, obtained in 2018 (January - September), allowed to draw a conclusion that the levels of air pollution with PM10 and PM2.5 in Kyiv exceeded the maximum ones, recommended by WHO or Directive 2008/50 / EC. Average concentrations of PM10 were at the level of 36 0.4 mg / m3, PM2.5 - 21 0.2 mg / m3; the number of days with an excess of the average daily concentration for PM10 was 43 days (19%), for PM2.5 - 61 days (25%); maximum monthly concentrations of PM2.5 were observed during the heating season - from January to March and were at the level of 26-27 mg / m3. According to the results of the correlation analysis, a significant correlation was found between the concentrations of PM2.5 and PM10 (r = 0.79, p < 0.005); PM2.5 = 0.66 * PM10. The obtained results indicate the need to establish standards for PM10 and PM2.5 in Ukraine and to include the dust particulate matters into the mandatory monitoring program of atmospheric air quality.

KEYWORDS:
air, monitoring, PM10, PM2.5
REFERENCES:
1. WHO Regional Office for Europe. Health Effects of Particulate Matter. Copenhagen ; 2013 : 15 p.
2. WHO Review of Evidence on Health Aspects of Air Pollution REVIHAAP Project: Final Technical Report. WHO, 2013. URL : http://www.euro.who.int/__ data/ assets/pdf_file/0004/193108/REVIHAAP-Final-technical-report-final-version.pdf?ua=1
3. Directive 2001/80/EC on the Limitation of Emissions of Certain Pollutants into the Air from Large Combustion Plants. URL : https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=celex%3A32001L0080
4. Uhoda pro Asotsiatsiiu mizh Ukrainoiu, z odniiei storony, ta Yevropeiskym Soiuzom, Yevropeiskym spivtovarystvom z atomnoi enerhii I yikhnimy derzhavamy-chlenamy, z inshoi storony [Agreement on Association between Ukraine, on the one part, and the European Community, the European Atomic Energy Community and their States-Members, on the other]. URL : http://zakon3.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/984_011 (in Ukrainian).
5. Turos O., Maremukha T., Kobzarenko . Zabrudnennia atmosfernoho povitria zvazhenymy chastkamy pylu (ZCh10 ZCh2.5) u Desnianskomu raioni m. Kyieva [Ambient Particulate Matter (PM10 PM2.5) Air Pollution in Desnianskyi District in Kyiv]. In : Hihiiena naselenykh mists [Hygiene of the Settlements]. Kyiv ; 2017 ; 67 : 32-33 (in Ukrainian).
6. WHO Regional Office for Europe. Air Quality Guidelines Global Update 2005. Copenhagen ; 2006 : 484 p.
7. Assessment of the Health Impacts of Exposure to PM2.5 at a European Level. ETC/ACC Technical Paper 2009. URL : https://acm.eionet.europa.eu/docs/ ETCACC_TP_2009_1_European_PM2.5_HIA.pdf.
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