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1 (90), 2019


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Edition of the journal is supported partially by the grant of the Fogarty International Center (FIC) of the National Institute of Health and Illinois University, Chicago.

JOURNAL

ISSN 2077-7477 (Print)
ISSN 2077-7485 (Online)

A journal "Dovkillia ta zdorovia" (Environment & Health) publishes the articles on the problems in the field of medical ecology, hygiene, health protection and ecological safety.

Founder of the Journal:
State Institution "O.M. Marzeiev Institute for Hygiene and Medical Ecology of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine"

Frequency of publication:
quarterly

Environment & HealthISSN: 2077-7477 eISSN: 2077-7485
No: 1 (90)   -   March, 2019   -   Pages: 61-68
Problem aspects of the state standardization of modern dwelling-houses with the flats of SMART type: state in Ukraine and foreign experience
Makhniuk V.M.1, Melnychenko S.O.1, Kostyliova V.A.2, Orlovska I.H.3
1 State Institution O.M.Marzieiev Institute for Public Health, National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine
2 Ministry of Regional Development, Construction, Housing and Communal Services of Ukraine
3 Ukraine Open International University of Human Development

: 613.5 : 728.222 : 351.778.5

ABSTRACT:
Objective: We carried out a hygienic assessment of the design of the blocks of flats with one-room flats for one person's residence on a compliance with the domestic and foreign norms of sanitary and town-planning legislation.
Methods: In the work, we applied theoretical and analytical methods and method of sanitary-and-epidemiological examination of construction designs.
Results: The current sanitary and town-planning legislation of Ukraine and foreign experience, concerning the construction of modern dwelling-houses with one-room flat of smart type for the residence of one person, were analyzed in the course of research.
There is no practice and relevant regulatory documents for a design of one-room flats of a small area for one person's residence in Ukraine.
According to the results of research, hygienic recommendations were developed to ensure optimum living conditions, including: a compliance with the domestic hygienic standards: the duration of insolation and natural light; the allowable concentrations of the chemicals in the air; the allowable levels of temperature, humidity, air ionization, noise, vibration, ionizing, and non-ionizing radiation; the content of radon, aerosol, including aerosols of biological origin, in the indoor air; the allowable levels of the bacterial pollution of air and surfaces; ensuring the compliance with the regulatory parameters of microclimate and air quality in the living room by the delimitation of the kitchen area from the living area with a kitchen-niches device with a mechanical plenum-exhaust ventilation and only with electric stoves; ensuring the volume of living space at the level of domestic standards - 75 m3, while the height of the room should be at least 2.75 m; the provision of a necessary set of the rooms with an area of the living room - 18 m2, the corridor - 3.9 m2, the bathroom - 3.4 m2, the balcony / loggia - 4.5 m2 to increase the level of comfort.
Conclusions: According to the results of scientific research, a sanitary-and-epidemiological component was developed for a design of smart flat, and a possibility for the standardization (normalization) of the area of one-room flats for the residence of one person was preliminary substantiated.

KEYWORDS:
construction designs, modern residential buildings, flat of smart type, national and foreign state standards, sanitary-and-epidemiological living conditions.
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