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2 (91), 2019


Edition of the journal is supported partially by the grant of the Fogarty International Center (FIC) of the National Institute of Health and Illinois University, Chicago.


ISSN 2077-7477 (Print)
ISSN 2077-7485 (Online)

A journal "Dovkillia ta zdorovia" (Environment & Health) publishes the articles on the problems in the field of medical ecology, hygiene, health protection and ecological safety.

Founder of the Journal:
State Institution "O.M. Marzeiev Institute for Hygiene and Medical Ecology of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine"

Frequency of publication:

Environment & HealthISSN: 2077-7477 eISSN: 2077-7485
No: 1 (90)   -   March, 2019   -   Pages: 17-22
Problems of monitoring of the health preserving competence in modern adolescents
Tekliuk R. V.1, e-mail: teklyukru@gmail.com, Serheta I. V.1, e-mail: serheta@ukr.net
1 Vinnytsia National M.I. Pyrohov Medical University

: 371.72 : 613.96 : 613.7/8

Objective: We defined the problem issues of the monitoring of health preserving competence among modern adolescents in the light of the changes in their lifestyle affecting health.
Material and methods: We used the data of the surveys of the groups of the students aged 14-17 at the secondary schools of the city of Vinnytsia in 2003, 2009, 2013, 2017. Statistical processing was performed by Statistica 6.1 software, including such methods as descriptive statistics, the Studentst-test for independent groups, the Cochran Qtest, the Spearman rank R.
Results: The results of the fifteen years of research show that the life style of the adolescents is changing, but there is no unanimous answer to the question whether it is becoming more or less beneficial for their health. On the average, half of the adolescents have the insufficient knowledge on some practical issues in the field of health preservation, such as methods for prevention of acute respiratory viral infections, pre-medical actions in case of burns, food poisoning, methods of the calculation of calories intake, etc. In particular, knowledge of the adolescents in the field of contraception was improved, there was no positive shift in their understanding of the risks of the early beginning of sexual life, however. The popularity of various gadgets have affected the forms of pastime: instead of watching TV adolescents spend much time at PC; they stay outdoors more, but it does not mean that they have an active lifestyle. Mobile phones and Internet have become one of the causes of significant sleep deficiency. At the same time, the results of our research have shown an increase in physical activity, a decrease in the first and subsequent attempts of smoking among young men, a decrease in the number of girls with the formed habit of smoking. There is a shift in the first attempts of drinking alcohol to later adolescent age, the number of young men who had ever been drunk has also decreased.
Conclusions: Comparison of the separate indicators of health literacy, determination of the motivation to the health lifestyle and behavioural risks among adolescents have demonstrated that monitoring of health-preserving competence should be conducted simultaneously in the three directions mentioned above, taking into account the current tendencies and gender peculiarities of the formation of health-preserving behaviour among adolescents, as well as the impact of social changes and scientific and technical progress on such a behaviour. At the development of this monitoring the following features should be taken into account: complexity, conciseness, sensitivity, gender, age, openness to new modifications.

adolescents, health competence, monitoring, health literacy, gender
1. Korenev N.M., Lebets I.S., Tolmachova S.R., Nikonova V.V., Proskurina Ò.Yu., and Matkovska Ò.N. Zdorovie Rebenka. 2017 ; 12 : 1-5. (in Ukrainian) https://doi.org/10.22141/2224-0551.12.1.2017.95016
2. Dutchak M.V. and Blagii O.L. Visnyk Chernihivskoho natsionalnoho pedahohichnoho universytetu. 2011; 91: 147-149 (in Ukrainian)
3. Tekliuk R. and Tereshchenko L. Scientific Letters of Academic Society of Michal Baludansky. 2018 ; 6 (4) : 148-153 (in Ukrainian)
4. Serheta I.V., Panchuk O.Yu., Stoian N.V., Drezhenkova I.L. and Makarov S.Yu. Dovkillia ta zdorovia. 2016 ; 4 (80) : 46-52 (in Ukrainian)
5. Polka N.S. and Serheta I.V. Zhurnal Natsionalnoi akademii medychnykh nauk Ukrainy. 2012 ; 18 (2) : 223-226 (in Ukrainian)
6. Serdiuk A.M., Polka N.S. and Serheta I.V. Psyhogigiena detey I podrostkov, stradayushchikh khronicheskimi somaticheskimiz abolevaniyami [Psychohygiene of Children and Adolescents. Who Suffer from Somatic Diseases]. Vinnitsa : Nova Kniga ; 2012 : 336 p. (in Russian)
7. Polka N.S. and Berdnyk O.V. Zhurnal Natsionalnoi akademii medychnykh nauk Ukrainy. 2013 ; 19 (2) : 226-235 (in Ukrainian)
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