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3 (104), 2022


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Edition of the journal is supported partially by the grant of the Fogarty International Center (FIC) of the National Institute of Health and Illinois University, Chicago.

JOURNAL

ISSN 2077-7477 (Print)
ISSN 2077-7485 (Online)

A journal "Dovkillia ta zdorovia" (Environment & Health) publishes the articles on the problems in the field of medical ecology, hygiene, health protection and ecological safety.

Founder of the Journal:
State Institution "O.M. Marzeiev Institute for Hygiene and Medical Ecology of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine"

Frequency of publication:
quarterly

Environment & HealthISSN: 2077-7477 eISSN: 2077-7485
No: 2 (99)   -   June, 2021   -   Pages: 56-62
Compliance of the existing fund of general secondary education institutions of ukraine with modern requirements of the NEW UKRAINIAN SCHOOL
Polka N.S.1, Makhniuk V.M.1, Pavlenko N.P.1, Mohylnyi S.M.1
1 SI O.M. Marzeiev Institute for Public Health, National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine

: 613.5 : 727.1.054.3

ABSTRACT:
Objective: We established the compliance of the existing fund of general secondary education institutions in Ukraine with the modern requirements of the new Ukrainian school (NUS) according to the hygienic criteria for the evaluation of the architectural-and -planning decisions.
Results: Over a 30-years period, the number of schools has decreased by 30%. The main fund of the GSEI in Ukraine consists of the buildings built in the 1960-1990 years.
According to the current standard documents of sanitary and town-planning legislation, the existing educational premises of the GSEI have basically a rectangular shape and an area 50 m². According to the requirements of the NUS, it is envisaged to create eight zones with different functional purposes at their interchangeable use in one class building space.
By the results of the calculations, it has been established that in compliance with all regulatory distances between desks and internal structures in a single building space of the standard class with an area 50 m² there is only 26.4 m² of free space for single desks, while the last row of the desks will be close to the wall (which does not meet the standard distance 0.65 m).
It should be noted that at the construction of the new GSEI according to the requirements of SBS V.2.2-3: 2018 with a class area 60 m2 with a compliance of the standard distances for the placement of the desks, 31.2 m2 remains, which allows you to place 20 desks.
Conclusions: In order to adapt the existing fund of the GSEI of Ukraine to the needs of the reform of the NUS education and to provide conditions for the health protection of the students, a new indicator of the placement of 15 educational places with single desks was substantiated, which can be implemented at online training.

KEYWORDS:
existing general secondary education institutions, architectural- and-planning decisions for educational premises, sanitary-and-epidemiological requirements, standard of the new Ukrainian school
REFERENCES:
1. Thibaut L., Ceuppens S., De Loof H., De Meester J., Goovaerts L., Struyf A. et al. Integrated STEM Education: A Systematic Review of Instructional Practices in Secondary Education. Eur. J. STEM Educ. 2018 ; 3 : 1-12. DOI : https://doi.org/10.20897/ejsteme/85525
2. [The New Ukrainian School. Conceptual Foundations for Reformation of Secondary School]. Ministry of Education and Science. 2016 : 40 p. URL : https://mon.gov.ua/ua/tag/nova-ukrainska-shkola (in Ukrainian).
3. Maziarchuk V.M. Analiz vprovadzhennia reformy serednoi osvity Nova ukrainska shkola [Analysis of the Impementation of the New Ukrainian School Reform of Secondary Education]. Kyiv ; 2018: 30 p. (in Ukrainian).
4. Makhniuk V.M., Serdiuk Ye.A., Chorna V.V., Harkavyi S.S. and Laptiev V.E. Novi hihiienichni pidkhody do suchasnoho mistobuduvannia v Ukraini. Monohrafiia [New Hygienic Approaches to Modern Town-Planning in Ukraine]. Ed. by Serdiuk A.M. and Polka N.S. Kyiv : Medinform ; 2021 : 369 p. (in Ukrainian).
5. Machniuk V.M., Hopperia V.G., Polka O.O., Pavlenko N.P. and Ocheretyana G.V. Hygiene and Ecology in State Regulation of Urban Planning. Ed. by N.S. Polk. Kyiv : Medinform ; 2020 : 170 .
6. Makhniuk V.M. and Pavlenko N.P. Hihiienichna otsinka stanu zabezpechenosti dytiachoho naselennia Ukrainy zakladamy zahalnoi serednoi osvity u silskykh ta miskykh naselenykh punktakh [Hygienic Assessment of the Provision of the Childrens Population with the Institutions of Secondary Education in Rural and Urban Settlements]. Molodyi vchenyi. 2020 ; 7 (83) : 122-127 (in Ukrainian).
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