Home Page   -   ditorial Board   -   Instructions to autors   -   Archive   -   Contact   -   Journal's Indexing UA   EN


Last issue

1 (106), 2023


Support

Edition of the journal is supported partially by the grant of the Fogarty International Center (FIC) of the National Institute of Health and Illinois University, Chicago.

JOURNAL

ISSN 2077-7477 (Print)
ISSN 2077-7485 (Online)

A journal "Dovkillia ta zdorovia" (Environment & Health) publishes the articles on the problems in the field of medical ecology, hygiene, health protection and ecological safety.

Founder of the Journal:
State Institution "O.M. Marzeiev Institute for Hygiene and Medical Ecology of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine"

Frequency of publication:
quarterly

Environment & HealthISSN: 2077-7477 eISSN: 2077-7485
No: 4 (84)   -   2017   -   Pages: 4-7
Investigation of micronuclei in rats bone marrow under joint exposure of endogenic nitrosamines and electromagnetic field of industrial frequency (50 Hz)
Chernychenko I.O.1, Dumanskyi Yu.D.1, Balenko N.V.1, Sovertkova L.S.1, Babii V.F.1, Kondratenko .Ye.1, Lytvychenko .M.1, Serdiuk Ye..1, Nikitina N.G.1
1 State Institution "O.M. Marzeiev Institute for Public Health of the NAMSU"

: 613.648.2 : 537.531 : 547.414 : 576.385.5

ABSTRACT:
Objective: We studied a genotoxicity of joint exposure of endogenic nitrosamines and electromagnetic field of industrial frequency.

Materials and methods: The experiment was performed on 160 white outbred female rats of 6-8 weeks age with a weight of 140-154 g, divided into 4 groups: intact control; introduction of nitrosamines synthesis precursors (NAP) sodium nitrite, 100 mg/kg; tetracycline, 20 mg/kg; irradiation by electromagnetic field of industrial frequency (EMF IF), 50 Hz, 90 T; joint exposure of NAP and EMF IF. NAPs were introduced once a day, 5 days per week during 90 days. Irradiation by EMF was carried out at the same terms for 7 hours daily. Endogenic synthesis was controlled by the chromatographic determination of nitrosamines content in liver and kidneys of the rats. Genotoxicity was determined by micronucleus test in bone marrow polychromatic erythrocytes (PCE) of femoral bones within 24 hours after last introduction.
Calculation of MN PCE was carried out in 3 smears from each animal. We determined individual and group indices of micronuclei frequency (%) on 2000 PCE. Obtained data were analyzed statistically with the help of Student t-test.

Results: The reliable increase of micronuclei frequency (0.13 %, < 0.05) was observed under isolated administration of NAP in comparison with intact control (0.08 %). A tendency to the increase of MN frequency (0.12 %, > 0.05) was observed in the rats irradiated by EMF. At the same time the joint effect of the factors caused the reliable strengthening of the effect (0.18%, <0.001) both in comparison with intact control and with isolated effect of NAP ( < 0.01) and EMF ( < 0.05).

Conclusions: We established the reliable strengthening of genotoxic effect under joint exposure of studied factors in comparison with their isolated effect. It suggests the risk of joint effect of carcinogenic nitrosamines and electromagnetic field of industrial frequency (50 Hz).

KEYWORDS:
nitrosamines, electromagnetic fields of industrial frequency, joint effect, rats, genotoxicity, micronuclei, bone narrow
REFERENCES:
1. IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risk to Humans. Non ionizing Radiation. Part 2: Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields. Lyon : IARC; 2013; 102 : 143 188.
2. IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risk to Humans. Chemical Agents and Related Occupations. Lyon : IARC; 2012 ; 100 : 576 p.
3. Steward B.W. and Wild C.P. (eds.) World Cancer Report 2014. Lyon : IARC; WHO : 630 p.
4. Demetriou C.A., Raaschou-Nielsen O., Loft S., Møller P., Vermeulen R., Palli D., Chadeau-Hyam M., Xun W.W. and Vineis P. Occup. Environ. Med. 2012 ; 69 : 619-627. https://doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2011-100566
5. Chernychenko .., Balenko N.V. and Ostash .. Dovkillia ta zdorovia. 2013; 2 : 4-8 (in Ukrainian).
6. Dumanskyi V.Yu., Bitkin S.V., Dumanskyi Yu.D., Nikitina N.G., Tomashevska L.. and Medvedev S.V. Hihiienichna otsinka elektrychnoho ta mahnitnoho polia promyslovoi chastity (50 Hz), shco stvoriuietsia pidzemnymy kabelnymy liniiamy elektroperedachi z napruhoiu 110-330 kW [Hygienic Assessment of Electric and Magnetic Fields of Industrial Frequency (50 Hz) Created by Underground Cable Electric Power Line of 110-130 kW Frequency]. In : Aktualni pytannia hihiieny ta ekolohichnoi bezpeky Ukrainy (desiati marzieievski chytannia) : tezy konf. [Topical Issues of Hygiene and Ecological Safety of Ukraine : Abstracts ]. Kyiv ; 2014 : 20 22 (in Ukrainian).
7. Saleh K., Celikler S. and Sarhan M.A.A. Saudi J. of Biological Sciences. 2010 ; 17 : 311-314. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sjbs.2010.05.006
8. Udroiu J., Giuliani L. and Jeradi L.A. Eur. J. Oncol. Libr. 2010 ; 5 : 123 134.
9. Kovalkovičová N., Sutiakova I., Legarth J., Legáth L., Falis M., Pist J. and Kováč G. Bull. Vet. Inst. Pulawy. 2004; 48 : 341-345
10. Environmental Health Criteria 51. Guide to Short-term Tests for Detecting Mutagenic and Carcinogenic Chemicals. Geneve : WHO ; 1989 : 212 p.
Designed by: IPH NAMSU Environment & Health, 2006-2023. All rights reserved.
Use of text and graphic materials of the site is allowed only upon written permission of the editoral board.