Home Page   -   ditorial Board   -   Instructions to autors   -   Archive   -   Contact   -   Journal's Indexing UA   EN

Last issue

2 (103), 2022


Edition of the journal is supported partially by the grant of the Fogarty International Center (FIC) of the National Institute of Health and Illinois University, Chicago.


ISSN 2077-7477 (Print)
ISSN 2077-7485 (Online)

A journal "Dovkillia ta zdorovia" (Environment & Health) publishes the articles on the problems in the field of medical ecology, hygiene, health protection and ecological safety.

Founder of the Journal:
State Institution "O.M. Marzeiev Institute for Hygiene and Medical Ecology of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine"

Frequency of publication:

Environment & HealthISSN: 2077-7477 eISSN: 2077-7485
No: 4 (97)   -   December, 2020   -   Pages: 27-34
Practical use of radiation parameters of drinking water quality: guidelines of international organizations and ukrainian experience
Mykhailova L.L.1, Buzynny M.G.1
1 State Institution "O.M. Marzeiev Institute for Public Health of the NAMSU"

The analysis of the documents of the authoritative international organizations and scientific works was carried out from the point of view of the development of the strategy for ensuring the radiation quality of drinking water. The radiation parameters of the quality of drinking water, the interpretation of monitoring results by screening and recommended levels, the value of the individual dose criterion, as well as algorithms for establishing the frequency of monitoring of the radiation parameters of drinking water were considered.

Objective: We analyzed the documents of reputable international organizations and scientific works in terms of the development of the strategy for ensuring radiation quality of drinking water and the features of the practical application of the parameters of water radiation quality in the world and Ukraine.

Methods: bibliographic, analytical.

Materials: We performed the analysis of the documents of international organizations (WHO, IAEA, ICRP, UNSCEAR), as well as scientific publications on the radiation quality of drinking water in the light of the experience in measuring the content of drinking water radionuclides at the territory of Ukraine.

Results: Materials of the international documents and scientific publications demonstrate that the assessment of radiation quality of drinking water requires a balanced analysis. In some cases, based on the results of only one determination of the total alpha and total beta activity, it is impossible to draw an unambiguous conclusion about the suitability or unsuitability of drinking water for consumption. Taking into account the geological heterogeneity of the territory of Ukraine, in order to obtain sufficient data on the radioactivity of groundwater, it is necessary to conduct extensive screening studies of the radiation quality of water in the regions of the country with the involvement of geological and monitoring services, local authorities.

drinking water, radionuclides, total alpha activity, total beta activity, screening levels, recommended levels, individual dose criterion.
1. Council Directive 80/778/EEC of 15 July 1980 on the Quality of Water Intended for Human Consumption. Official J. Eur. Commun. 1980 ; L229.
2. Council Directive 1998 98/83/EC of 3 November 1998 on the Quality of Water Intended for Human Consumption. Official J. Eur. Commun. 1998 ; L330/32.
3. Council Directive 2013 2013/51/EURATOM of 22 October 2013 Laying Down Requirements for the Protection of the Health of the General Public with Regard to Radioactive Substances in Water Intended for Human Consumption. Official J. Eur. Commun. 2013 ; L296/12.
4. Management of Radioactivity in Drinking-Water. Geneva : WHO; 2018 :124 . URL : https://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/publica-tions/management-of-radioactivity-in-drinking-water/en/
5. Radiation Protection and Safety of Radiation Sources: International Basic Safety Standards. IAEA Safety Standards Series No. GSR Part 3. Vienna : IAEA:2014. URL: http://www-pub.iaea.org/MTCD-/publications/PDF/Pub1578_web-57265295.pdf.
6. ISO/NP 5667-1: Water Quality Sampling Part 1. Guidance on the Design of Sampling Programmes and Sampling Techniques. Geneva : International Organization for Standardization; 2006 : 40 .
7. US EPA. Radionuclides Rule under the Safe Drinking-Water Act, 66 Federal Register 76708, 2000. December 7. Washington ; 2000. URL: https://www.federalregister.gov/documents/-2000/12/07-/00-30421/national-primary-drinking-water-regulations-radionucli-des-final-rule.
8. Nuccetelli C., Rusconi R. and Forte M. Radioactivity in Drinking Water: Regulations, Monitoring Results and Radiation Protection Issues. Ann. Ist. Super. Sanit. 2012 ; 48 (4) : 362-373. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4415/ANN_12_04_04
9. Prat O., Vercouter T., Ansoborlo E. et al. Uranium Speciation in Drinking Water from Drilled Wells in Southern Finland and its Potential Links to Health Effects. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2009 ; 43 (10) : 3941-3946. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/es803658e
10. Marandi A. Natural Chemical Composition of Groundwater as a Basis for Groundwater Management in the Cambrian-Vendian Aquifer. Tartu: Tartu University Press ; 2007 : 84 p.
11. Beyermann M., Bnger T., Schmidt K. and Obrikat D. Occurrence of Natural Radioactivity in Public Water Supplies in Germany: 238U, 234U, 235U, 228Ra, 226Ra, 222Rn, 210Pb, 210Po and Gross Activity Concentration. Radiation Protection Dosimetry. 2010 ; 141 (1). P. 72-81. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/rpd/ncq139
12. Radioactivity Levels in Groundwater Sources in Ireland Radiological. Protection Institute of Ireland, 2013 : 76 p. URL : https://www.epa.ie/pubs/reports/radiation/RPII_Groundwater_Rad_Rep_13.pdf
13. Dowdall A., Currivan L. and Hanley O. Radioactivity Levels in Groundwater Sources in Ireland.Radiological Protection Institute of Ireland, 2013. URL : https://inis.iaea.org/collection/NCLCollectionStore/_Public/44/122/44122590.pdf?r=1&r=1
14. Annanmaki M. and Turtiainen T. Treatment Techniques for Removing Natural Radionuclides from Drinking Water: Final Report of the TENAWA Project. Helsinki : OyEditaAb ; 2000 : 96 p.
15. Zelenskiy A., Buzynny M. and Los I. Radon-222 v vode: kontsentratsii, dozy, normirovaniye [Radon-222 in Water: Concentrations, Doses, Standardization]. In : Problemy radiatsionnoy meditsiny: resp. mezhved. sb. . . . [Problems of Radiation Medicine: Rep. Interdep.Coll.]. Kiev ; 1993 ; 5 : 573-581 (in Russian).
16. Zelensky A., Buzinny M. and Los I. Measurement of Radium-226, Radon-222, and Uranium-238, 234 in Underground Water of the Ukraine with Ultra Low-Level Liquid Scintillation Counter. Radiocarbon .1993 : 405-411.
17. Shiraishi K., Igarashi Y., Los I.P., Buzinny M.G. et al. Concentration of Thorium and Uranium Freshwater Samples Collected in Former USSR. J. of Radioanalitical and Nucl. Chem.1994 ; 185 (1) : 157-165. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02042962
18. Normy radiatsiinoi bezpeky Ukrainy (NRBU-97) : derzhavni hihiienichni normatyvy [Radiation Safety Standards of Ukraine (NRBU-97): State Hygienic Standards]. Kyiv ;1997 : 121 p. (in Ukrainian).
19. Hihiienichni vymohy do vody pytnoi, pryznachenoi dlia spozhyvannia liudynoiu: Derzhavni sanitarni normy ta pravyla DSanPiN 2.2.4-171-10 [Hygienic Requirements for Drinking Water Intended for Human Consumption: State Sanitary Norms and Regulations SSanNR 2.2.4 - 171-10]. Kyiv; 2012 : 32 p. (in Ukrainian).
20. Buzynny M., Mykhailova L., Sakhno V. and Romanchenko M. Doslidzhennia pryrodnykh radionuklidiv u pidzemnii vodi v Ukraini [Research of Natural Radionuclides in Groundwater in Ukraine]. Dovkillia ta zdorovia (Environment and Health). 2011 ; 1 : 31-35 (in Ukrainian). URL : http://www.dovkil-zdorov.kiev.ua/env/56-0031.pdf
Designed by: IPH NAMSU Environment & Health, 2006-2022. All rights reserved.
Use of text and graphic materials of the site is allowed only upon written permission of the editoral board.