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2 (103), 2022


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Edition of the journal is supported partially by the grant of the Fogarty International Center (FIC) of the National Institute of Health and Illinois University, Chicago.

JOURNAL

ISSN 2077-7477 (Print)
ISSN 2077-7485 (Online)

A journal "Dovkillia ta zdorovia" (Environment & Health) publishes the articles on the problems in the field of medical ecology, hygiene, health protection and ecological safety.

Founder of the Journal:
State Institution "O.M. Marzeiev Institute for Hygiene and Medical Ecology of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine"

Frequency of publication:
quarterly

Environment & HealthISSN: 2077-7477 eISSN: 2077-7485
No: 1 (85)   -   March, 2018   -   Pages: 68-72
Night sleep duration in the pupils as a hygienic problem
Hozak S.V.1, Yelizarova O.T.1, Stankevych T.V.1, Parats A.M.1
1 State Institution "O.M. Marzeiev Institute for Public Health of the NAMSU"

SUMMRY:
Objective: We studied the night sleep duration in modern pupils and its impact on the state of health, formation of neurotic manifestations, mental efficiency, and fatigue in them.
Materials and methods: Components of daily regime, state of health of the children were studied by the questionnaire method; manifestations of neurotic disorders - with the help of the Childrens Questionnaire of Neuroses, and a stage of fatigue by the Andropova classical methodology with our supplements. We performed a correlative analysis and calculated a force of isolated factors effect.
Results: 11.4% of junior school age children, 23.5% of middle school age children, and 21.9% of senior school age ones have the sufficient night sleep duration. The components of mental efficiency both body of performed work and number of mistakes (p < 0.001) were sensitive to the factor of night sleep duration. At the deficiency of sleep a probability of a high degree of fatigue in the pupils is by 30% higher than at the sufficient sleep duration (p < 0.01). Reduction of night sleep leads to the deterioration of the state of health in the pupils (p < 0.001), in the group of girls, it is connected with the beginning of neurotic disorders (tendency to depression, asthenia, behavior violation, vegetative disorders) (p < 0.01-0.001). Recommended duration of night sleep is not less than 10 hours for the pupils of 1-4 grades, 9 hours for the students of 5-9 grades, and 8 hours for the students of 10-11 grades.

KEYWORDS:
sleep duration, school age children, state of health, neurotic disorders, mental efficiency, fatigue, screen time
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