|Environment & Health||ISSN: 2077-7477 eISSN: 2077-7485
No: 2 (87) - June, 2018 - Pages: 42-47
Characteristic of the content of fungi spores’ air spectrum as potentially allergenic component of bioaerosol
Bilous O.S.1, Rodinkova V.V.2, Yermishev O.V.3
1 Vinnytsia City Hospital ¹ 2
2 Vinnytsia National M.I.Pyrohov Medical University
3 Donetsk National Vasyl Stus University, Vinnytsia
Fungi spores and fragments occur everywhere over non-polar regions of the Earth, especially over agricultural regions, make up to 45% of particles in the air bioaerosol and can cause symptoms of allergy. In the article, we described the spectrum of fungi spores as the potential aeroallergens and its temporal changes in the ambient air of the city of Vinnytsia.
Materials and methods: We carried out the study with the help of volumetric method in 2009-2014, we detected more than 30 categories of spores of fungi in the atmosphere, many of them had clinically proved features to cause seasonal allergy.
Results: Dominance of Cladosporium spores is demonstrated in the air bioaerosol, it conforms to the results of the observation in the majority of points throughout the world. In general, the representatives of the ascomycetes fungi (Ascomycota) dominated in ambient air, as well as the representatives of Basidiomycetes and pseudofungi (Oomycota). In particular, the list of the leaders by the indicator of the annual spore index consisted of Alternaria, Ascospora, Cladosporium, Coprinus, Didymella, Epicoccum, Ganoderma, Leptosphaeria, spores of Uredinales and Ustilaginales.
Most of fungi spores were recorded in ambient air from June to October with clearly defined increases in concentration, basically due to Cladosporium spores in June and July. Peaks in July were characterized by Alternaria and Ascospores. A larger concentration of spores was observed in ambient air in autumn months than in spring months and in the first half of June.
Conclusions: Findings on the spore content of ambient air for a long period of observation were obtained for Ukraine for the first time. The result will improve the diagnosis and prevention of seasonal allergy in our country.
fungi spores, allergy, air, bioaerosol, aeroallergens
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