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4 (93), 2019


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Edition of the journal is supported partially by the grant of the Fogarty International Center (FIC) of the National Institute of Health and Illinois University, Chicago.

JOURNAL

ISSN 2077-7477 (Print)
ISSN 2077-7485 (Online)

A journal "Dovkillia ta zdorovia" (Environment & Health) publishes the articles on the problems in the field of medical ecology, hygiene, health protection and ecological safety.

Founder of the Journal:
State Institution "O.M. Marzeiev Institute for Hygiene and Medical Ecology of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine"

Frequency of publication:
quarterly

Environment & HealthISSN: 2077-7477 eISSN: 2077-7485
No: 3 (92)   -   September, 2019   -   Pages: 28-30
The prevalence of smoking among medical students
Koroliova N.D.1, Chorna V.V.1, Humeniuk N.I.1, Angelska V.Yu.1, Khlestova S.V.1
1 M.I. Pyrogov National Medical University, Vinnytsia

: 616.89-008.441.3-036.22-057.87(045)

ABSTRACT:
Objective: We revealed the prevalence of smoking among students of higher medical institution during educational process.

Materials and methods: We performed a survey with the help of our own questionnaire "Prevalence of smoking among students", studied the causes of smoking; age of the beginning of smoking; duration; and frequency of smoking; whether the malicious habit caused somatic diseases and what exactly. 487 students of the I-V years of study were the respondents.

Results: At the moment of survey, 38.8% of the students were smoking, 51.7% of them were not smoking. The average age when the respondents tried to smoke first was 16-18 years. 60.4% of our respondents had started smoking until they reached the age of 18. The main causes of the prevalence of smoking among students are: stress relief - 17.9%; difficult learning -9.4%; for pleasure - 8.2%; to keep company - 3.3%; of idleness 2.5%; it's fashionable - 0.8%. Duration of smoking was: 6 months - 7.2%; 1 year 6.4%; 2 years 6.6%; 3 years 3.5%; 4 years 2.3%; 5 years 3.0 %
The question "Did your smoking cause somatic diseases?", the most of the students answered "no" (32.6%), which could be attributed to a short term of smoking, but 2.1% of the respondents noted that smoking caused cardiovascular diseases in them, 1.2% - a chronic bronchitis, and 0.6% - a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Regarding the digestive system, 1.2% of the respondents indicated that they had gastroesophageal reflux disease, and 0.6% complained of gastric and duodenum ulcer.

Conclusions: The average age of smoking beginning among medical students is 18 years, the prevalence of smoking is 38.8%. The main causes of smoking prevalence are stress and difficult learning.

KEYWORDS:
smoking, medical students, health effects.
REFERENCES:
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2. WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2008. The MPOWER package. WHO ; 2008. 330 p.
3. WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control: Guidelines for Implementation. WHO, 2005. 40 p. (in Russian).
4. Andrieieva .. Skhidnoievropeiskyi zhurnal hromadskoho zdorovia. 2011 ; 3(15) : 99-104 (in Ukrainian).
5. Chebanenko N.I. Liky Ukrainy. 2003 ; 2 : 5963 (in Russian).
6. Pohosova H.V., Akhmetdzhanov N.., Kachanova N.P. and Koltunov I.. Profilakticheskaya meditsina. 2009 ; 5 : 2934 (in Russian).
7. Kukes V.H., Marinin V.F. and Havrysiuk .V. Vrach. 2009 ; 4 : 47 (in Russian).
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