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3 (96), 2020


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Edition of the journal is supported partially by the grant of the Fogarty International Center (FIC) of the National Institute of Health and Illinois University, Chicago.

JOURNAL

ISSN 2077-7477 (Print)
ISSN 2077-7485 (Online)

A journal "Dovkillia ta zdorovia" (Environment & Health) publishes the articles on the problems in the field of medical ecology, hygiene, health protection and ecological safety.

Founder of the Journal:
State Institution "O.M. Marzeiev Institute for Hygiene and Medical Ecology of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine"

Frequency of publication:
quarterly

Environment & HealthISSN: 2077-7477 eISSN: 2077-7485
No: 3 (96)   -   September, 2020   -   Pages: 19-24
Assessment of the damage for the health of the population from the short-term exposure to the high ozone concentrations
Turos O.I.1, Petrosian A.A.1, Maremukha T.P.1
1 State Institution "O.M. Marzeiev Institute for Public Health of the NAMSU"

ABSTRACT:
Objective: We peformed a hygienic assessment of the level of ambient air pollution with ozone in Kyiv and a quantitative assessment of its short-term impact on the health of the population.
Materials and methods: Measurement of ozone concentrations in the ambient air of Kyiv was carried out using a gas analyzer APOA 370 HORIBA in the daytime (from 10:00 to 18:00)from June to August (2017-2019)for 3 years. Obtained data were compared with the maximum permissible concentration according to the order of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine No. 52, 01/14/2020 (MPC.m. - 0.16 mg / m3) and international criteria established by the Directive 2008/50 / EC (8-hour concentration - 0.12 mg / m3) and the WHO (8-hour concentration - 0.10 mg / m3).To quantify the impact of the short-term effects of ozone concentrations on public health in 2017-2018 we used the international software package AirQ +.
Results: Analysis of the data led to the conclusion that the levels of ozone air pollution in Kyiv exceeded the limit values recommended by the hygienic standards of Ukraine, as well as the Directive 2008/50 / EC and the WHO. Average ozone concentrations were determined at the level of 0.20 0.03 mg / m3 in 2017; 0.19 0.04 mg / m3 in 2018; 0.18 0.05 mg / m3 in 2019. The maximum excess was observed in June at the level of 1.4 MPCm.s. 8-hour ozone concentrations exceeded the international limit values established by the Directive 2008/50 / EC and the WHO in 97.0 and 98.0% of cases, respectively (maximum 2.7 times).For 2017 (2018), the number of the additional deaths per 100 thousand of the population made up 65.39 (62.65) cases of the diseases of circulatory system; 59.21 (56.87) - total mortality; 1.30 (1.38) - respiratory diseases.
Conclusion: Performed studies prove the need of mandatory implementation into the observation monitoring system for ozone in the surface layer of ambient air to assess the extent of human losses and to inform about possible threats to public health.

KEYWORDS:
atmospheric air, monitoring, surface ozone, AirQ +.
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