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4 (101), 2021


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Edition of the journal is supported partially by the grant of the Fogarty International Center (FIC) of the National Institute of Health and Illinois University, Chicago.

JOURNAL

ISSN 2077-7477 (Print)
ISSN 2077-7485 (Online)

A journal "Dovkillia ta zdorovia" (Environment & Health) publishes the articles on the problems in the field of medical ecology, hygiene, health protection and ecological safety.

Founder of the Journal:
State Institution "O.M. Marzeiev Institute for Hygiene and Medical Ecology of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine"

Frequency of publication:
quarterly

Environment & HealthISSN: 2077-7477 eISSN: 2077-7485
No: 4 (101)   -   December, 2021   -   Pages: 51-57
Hygienic standards for chemical agents in ambient air: achievements of the past and modern views into the future
Chernychenko I.O.1, Lytvychenko O.M.1, Babii V.F.1, Balenko N.V.1, Kondratenko O.Ye.1, Hlavachek D.O.1
1 State Institution "O.M. Marzeiev Institute for Public Health of the NAMSU", Kyiv

ABSTRACT:
Objective: We generalized and assessed the prior chemical pollutants in accordance with the time of their averaging by the data of domestic and foreign regulatory frameworks.

Materials and methods: To achieve the goal, we used the bibliographic and analytical methods. We analyzed the databases of Ukraine and the EU countries, the USA and Canada on the current standards for chemical agents and the time of their averaging in accordance with the purpose - prevention of acute and chronic effects.

Results and discussion: As a result of the comparison of the data on the regulations and standards for chemical agents in ambient air, we identified the agents that are criterial ones in most countires. For these substances, monitoring methods have been developed and standards have been substantiated and adopted for two averaging periods: twenty-minute and average daily.
In most countries, two standards have been also adopted for each agent, but the averaging period is longer there: an average annual and a daily average. Such standards may control and prevent the chronic effect of substances.
As a result, the use of the Ukrainian and foreign standards leads to the controversial estimates of the actual air pollution.
The average daily standard adopted in Ukraine, on the one hand, is much stricter in comparison with the similar foreign criteria, and on the other hand, it does not correspond to the peculiarities of the formation of ambient air pollution, and is inadequate for the averaging time.

Conclusions:
1. Comparative analysis of hygienic standards indicates the needs to harmonize the ambient air quality standards in force in Ukraine with international ones.
2. The existing system of the hygienic standards in Ukraine must be supplemented with the standard for the annual averaging period by transferring the operating average daily concentrations to this rank.

KEYWORDS:
hygienic standards, ambient air, averaging period, comparative analysis, domestic and foreign regulatory frameworks
REFERENCES:
1. Yanysheva N.Ya., Chernichenko I.A., Balenko N.V. et al. Kantserogennyye veshchestva i ikh gigiyenicheskoye normirovaniye v okruzhayushchey srede [Carcinogenic Substances and their Hygienic Regulation in the Environment]. Kiev : Zdorovia ; 1977 : 136 p. (in Russian).
2. Yanysheva N.Ya., Kireyeva I.S., Chernichenko I.A. et al. Gigiyenicheskiye problemy okhrany okruzhayushchey sredy ot zagryazneniya kantserogenami [Hygienic Problems of the Environmental Protection from Carcinogene Contamination]. Kiev : Zdorovia ; 1985 : 104 p. (in Russian).
3. Hihiienichni rehlamenty. Hranychno dopustymi kontsentratsii khimichnykh i biolohichnykh rechovyn v atmosfernomu povitri naselenykh mists [Hygienic Regulations. Maximum Allowable Concentrations of Chemical and Biological Agents in the Ambient Air of the Settlements]. Ofitsiinyi visnyk Ukrainy. 2020 ; 15 (25.02.2020) ; Art. 608, Code 98079/2020 (in Ukrainian).
4. UN Economic Commission for Europe. Strategies and Policies for Air Pollution Abatement. Review prepared under The Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution]. New York Geneva ; 1999 : 214 p.
5. Commission Directive (EU) 2015/1480 of 28 August 2015 amending several annexes to Directives 2004/107/EC and 2008/50/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council Laying Down the Rules Concerning Reference Methods, Data Validation and Location of Sampling Points for The Assessment of Ambient Air Quality.
6. Directive 2008/50/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 May 2008 on Ambient Air Quality and Cleaner Air for Europe. OJ. L 15 ; 11.6.2008 : 144. URL : https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/994_950#Text
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