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4 (101), 2021


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Edition of the journal is supported partially by the grant of the Fogarty International Center (FIC) of the National Institute of Health and Illinois University, Chicago.

JOURNAL

ISSN 2077-7477 (Print)
ISSN 2077-7485 (Online)

A journal "Dovkillia ta zdorovia" (Environment & Health) publishes the articles on the problems in the field of medical ecology, hygiene, health protection and ecological safety.

Founder of the Journal:
State Institution "O.M. Marzeiev Institute for Hygiene and Medical Ecology of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine"

Frequency of publication:
quarterly

Environment & HealthISSN: 2077-7477 eISSN: 2077-7485
No: 3 (83)   -   2017   -   Pages: 29-33
Factual nutrition of modern schoolchildren and its impact on mental efficiency and fatigue
Hozak S.V.1, Yelizarova O.T.1, Stankevytch T.V.1, Parats A.M.1
1 State Institution "O.M. Marzeiev Institute for Public Health of the NAMSU"

: 613.22:613.955

ABSTRACT:
Objective: We performed a hygienic assessment of factual nutrition of schoolchildren and determined its impact on mental efficiency in middle-age and senior school age children.

Materials and methods: Features of nutrition were studied by means of the questioning of 462 schoolchildren in 5th 11th grades in the city of Kyiv. Mental efficiency was investigated with the help of corrective tests with a further statistic processing of all obtained data.

Results: Factual nutrition of modern schoolchildren is characterized by the insufficient consumption of such foodstuffs as meat, butter, eggs, dairy produce in 22 % of the children, fish and sea products in 60 % of the children. In general the malnutrition is typical for 19 % of middle-age schoolchildren and 16 % of senior age ones. Results of integral assessment showed that a number of children with malnutrition increased and decreased with optimum nutrition from 5th to 9th grades (p < 0,001). A connection of the increase of the productivity of mental efficiency with a growth of integral assessment of nutrition was established (rs = 0.12; p < 0.001). Isolated contribution of nutrition factor in the productivity of mental efficiency is 7.3 0.4 % (p<0.01). Probability of the high level of fatigue in the schoolchildren is 1.3 times as high at malnutrition than at the optimum nutrition (<0.05).

KEYWORDS:
nutrition of schoolchildren, middle-age and senior school age children, mental efficiency, fatigue
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