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Edition of the journal is supported partially by the grant of the Fogarty International Center (FIC) of the National Institute of Health and Illinois University, Chicago.

JOURNAL

ISSN 2077-7477 (Print)
ISSN 2077-7485 (Online)

A journal "Dovkillia ta zdorovia" (Environment & Health) publishes the articles on the problems in the field of medical ecology, hygiene, health protection and ecological safety.

Founder of the Journal:
State Institution "O.M. Marzeiev Institute for Hygiene and Medical Ecology of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine"

Frequency of publication:
quarterly

Environment & HealthISSN: 2077-7477 eISSN: 2077-7485
No: 1 (77)   -   2016   -   Pages: 76-79
Risks of the occupational pathology development among the workers in modern converter production
Kovalchuk T.A.1, Pavlenko O.I.1, Orehova O.V.1, Prokopchuk O.L.2
1 Ukrainian Research Institute of Industrial Medicine
2 - 2

: 613.62 : 669.184

ABSTRACT:
We aimed to reduce a risk of the professional pathology among the workers of the main professions in modern converter production.

Materials and methods. We used hygienic, epidemiological and mathematical-and-statistical methods in the research. The main group was presented by the workers of the main professions of the converter production (984 persons): steelmaker and steelmakers assistant - 351 persons, ladle man 194 persons, mixer man and mixer mans assistant 145 persons, steel caster 294 persons. The control group was presented by the workers of the mechanical-repair department which were not affected the unhealthy occupational factors during their work.

Results. The working conditions at the modern converter plants dont meet the hygienic standards. Both in the main group and in the control one the respiratory system diseases are at the first place, the diseases of the blood circulation are at the fourth one in the morbidity structure with a temporary disability (MRTD). It is connected with a complex impact of the high dust concentrations, mainly of fibrogenic effect, heating microclimate, and hard physical work on the workers. The highest levels of MRTD from the respiratory system diseases at the converter plant were registered among the steelmakers and the steelmakers assistants both by the number of cases and by the amount of the days of disability. Current situation with the occupational pathology morbidity levels in the metallurgical industry needs development and implementation of the system of the management of the professional risks that exist among the workers of main professions in modern converter production. The mechanism of modern prophylaxis has been proposed taking into account the experience of the leading European countries. The employer must introduce the events for the protection of the workers health and safety on the base of this mechanism. This is a concept of risk assessment and management by the risks for the health of the workers.

KEYWORDS:
metallurgy, converter production, unhealthy working conditions, occupational dust lung pathology, diseases of blood circulation system, risk management.
REFERENCES:
1. Karnaukh N.G. Dovkillia ta zdorovia. 2004; 2 :68-80 (in Ukrainian).
2. Smirnov A., Dudkin D. Electronic journal ESKO. 2010; 7 : 197. (in Russian). Available at : http://www.journal.esco.agency/2010_7/art197.htm
3. Basanets A.V., Krasnykh E.P., Lubyanova I.P. Problemy professionalnoi zabolevaiemosti v Ukraine i puti ikh resheniia na sovremennom etape [Problems of the Occupational Morbidity in Ukraine and Ways of their Solution at Present]. In : Hihiienichna nauka ta praktyka n rubezhi stolitt : materialy ղV zizdu hihiienistiv Ukrainy [Hygienic Science and Practice at the Turn of the Centuries : XIVth Congress of the Hygienists of Ukraine]. Dnipropetrovsk ; 2004 : 38-41 (in Russian).
4. Kundiev Y.I., Nagorna A.M. Ukrainian Journal of Occupationa Medicine. 2005; 1 : 3-10 (in Ukrainian).
5. Izmerov N.F. (ed.) Professionalnaia patologiia : natsionalnoie rukovodstvo [Occupational Pathology : National Guide]. Moscow : GEOTAR-Media; 2001: 784 p. (in Russian).
6. Basanets A.V., Lubianova I.P., Timoshina D.P. Okhorona pratsi. 2008; 10 : 39-41 (in Ukrainian).
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