|Environment & Health||ISSN: 2077-7477 eISSN: 2077-7485
No: 1 (94) - 2020 - Pages: 19
The role of self-appraisal in healh formation among people of different age
Dobrianska O.V.1, Voloshchuk O.V.1
1 State Institution "O.M. Marz³eiev Institute for Public Health of the NAMSU"
ÓÄÊ: 613/614 : 159.964.2 : 616-84
Objective: We determined a role of self-appraisal in health formation of people of different age.
Materials and methods: We applied sociological, psychological and mathematical methods in the work. We developed the health self-appraisal questionnaire. The respondents of different age were surveyed. The integral indicators (health self-appraisal index) for the assessment of subjective component of health were used.
Results: Health self-appraisal of people of different age is different: the highest health rate was noted in young people (under 25 years old). In a mature age group, the self-appraisal of health among women was higher in comparison with men. We determined the increase of self-appraisal of health in men older than 61 years in contrast to women of this age who had its decrease. In women aged 25-44 years, the integral index of health self-appraisal was characterized with low criteria. And it was evaluated with high criteria in elderly people irrespective of gender.
Conclusions: At the health assessment of people of different age, it is very important to take into account its subjective component. Low self-appraisal of health is a risk factor for the formation of unhealthy forms of behavior among both young and elderly and old people, which means a need to determine the psychological state of the respondents with disabilities in self-appraisal.
subjective assessment, population health, gender and age groups, social surroundings.
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