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4 (93), 2019


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Edition of the journal is supported partially by the grant of the Fogarty International Center (FIC) of the National Institute of Health and Illinois University, Chicago.

JOURNAL

ISSN 2077-7477 (Print)
ISSN 2077-7485 (Online)

A journal "Dovkillia ta zdorovia" (Environment & Health) publishes the articles on the problems in the field of medical ecology, hygiene, health protection and ecological safety.

Founder of the Journal:
State Institution "O.M. Marzeiev Institute for Hygiene and Medical Ecology of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine"

Frequency of publication:
quarterly

Environment & HealthISSN: 2077-7477 eISSN: 2077-7485
No: 4 (93)   -   2019   -   Pages: 70-79
Mechanisms of the resistance of bacteria and viruses to the disinfectants and antiseptics (literature review)
Korchak H.I.1, Klimenko I.V.2, Surmasheva O.V.1, Romanenko L.I.1, Horval A.K.1
1 State Institution "O.M. Marzeiev Institute for Public Health of the NAMSU"
2 P. L. Shupyk National Medical Academy for Post-Graduate Education, Kyiv / Vilan, Scientific and Production Enterprise, LTD

: 579.63 : 615.015.8 : 648.19

SUMMRY:
In this article we presented the main mechanisms of the resistance of bacteria and viruses to the disinfectants and antiseptics (internal and acquired resistance).There is brief information on the components of the bacterial cell which determine its internal resistance. Data on the frequency of the resistance due to the mutations and horizontal gene transfer are given. The basic information about the effects of the oxidizing agents, ultraviolet radiation, and heat on viruses is presented. We paid attention to some theoretical and methodological issues.

KEYWORDS:
bacteria and viruses, disinfectants, antiseptics, resistance mechanism, gene mutation
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