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4 (109), 2023


Edition of the journal is supported partially by the grant of the Fogarty International Center (FIC) of the National Institute of Health and Illinois University, Chicago.


ISSN 2077-7477 (Print)
ISSN 2077-7485 (Online)

A journal "Dovkillia ta zdorovia" (Environment & Health) publishes the articles on the problems in the field of medical ecology, hygiene, health protection and ecological safety.

Founder of the Journal:
State Institution "O.M. Marzeiev Institute for Hygiene and Medical Ecology of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine"

Frequency of publication:

Environment & HealthISSN: 2077-7477 eISSN: 2077-7485
No: 3 (96)   -   September, 2020   -   Pages: 54-59
The impact of direct and indirect indicator parameters of architecturaland-planning decisions of the institutions of secondary education on psychoemotional state and health of primary school age pupils
Pavlenko N. P.1, Makhniuk V. M.1, Voloshchuk O.V.1
1 State Institution "O.M. Marzeiev Institute for Public Health of the NAMSU"

bjective: We improved the hygienic criteria to ensure optimal conditions, training, and preservation of the health of primary school age pupils, which are common for the assessment of architectural-and-planning decisions of urban and rural secondary schools in accord with modern town-planning and sanitary legislation.

Materials and methods: We applied bibliosemantic, analytical methods, method of sanitary-and-epidemiological examination of construction projects, sociological, instrumental and medico-statistical ones using StatSoft STATISTICA (v.5.5) application packages, Excel.

Results: The exceeding 1.8-2.3 times the number of the actual studies that do not meet the standards for natural light and noise in urban secondary schools in comparison with the rural secondary schools, is due to the dense town-planning situation. The results of the survey of the parents of the pupils in grades 1-4 on the impact of dense school conditions of secondary schools on the indirect parameters of architectural-and-planning decisions showed that in case of insufficient space of the school room, a poor well-being was registered in 26.3% of pupils (rS <0.78), impairment of working capacity was noted in 18.75% of schoolchildren (rS <0.88).The presence of numerous interrelations between direct parameters of architectural-and-planning decisions (the intraschool space is formed according to them) and the pathological affection of urban schools pupils was determined.

Conclusions: The occupational diseases in primary school age pupils are caused by direct and indirect impact of the parameters of architectural-and-planning decisions and hygienic provision of optimal conditions at urban and rural educational institutions by the improvement of the design of new and reconstruction of existing schools according to the hygienic criteria. We have developed a set of preventive measures to prevent these diseases.

general secondary education schools, architectural and planning decisions of schools, children of primary school age.
1. Serdiuk A.M., Polka N.S. and Makhniuk V.M. Cuchasni problemy hihiieny planuvannia ta zabudovy naselenykh mists (normatyvno-pravove rehuliuvannia). Monohrafiia [Modern Problems of Hygiene of Planning and Building of the Settlements (Normative-Legal Regulations). Monograph]. Kyiv : Medinform ; 2014 : 174 p. (in Ukrainian).
2. Polka N.S. and Berdnyk O.V. Suchasni pidkhody do otsinky stanu zdorovia v hihiieni dytynstva (ohliad literatury ta vlasnykh doslidzhen) [Modern Approaches to Health Assessment in Childhood Hygiene (Review of Literature and Own Research)]. Zhurnal NAMN Ukrainy. 2013 ; 19 (2) : 226-235 (in Ukrainian).
3. Makhniuk V.M. Hihiienichna otsinka umov i orhanizatsii navchannia ditei v miskykh ta silskykh zahalnoosvitnikh navchalnykh zakladakh v period reformuvannia osvity Ukrainy: avtoref. dys. kand. med. nauk: spets. 14.02.01 Hihiiena [Hygienic Assessment of Conditions and Organization of Children's Education in Urban and Rural Secondary Schools during the Reform of Education in Ukraine: Author's Abs. Dis. Cand. Med. Sci. : Speciality 14.02.01 "Hygiene"]. Kyiv ; 2007 : 19 p. (in Ukrainian).
4. Hozak S.V. and Shumak O.V. Retrospektyvnyi analiz navchalnoho navantazhennia u zahalnoosvitnikh navchalnykh zakladakh Ukrainy za 1970 2013 roky [Retrospective Analysis of Training Load at Secondary Schools of Ukraine over 1970 - 2013]. In : Hihiiena naselenykh mists [Hygiene of Settlements]. Kyiv ; 2014 ; 63 : 269 276 (in Ukrainian). http://irbis-nbuv.gov.ua/cgi-bin/irbis_nbuv/cgiirbis_64.exe?C21COM=2&I21DBN=UJRN&P21DBN=UJRN&IMAGE_FILE_DOWNLOAD=1&Image_file_name=PDF/gnm_2014_63_40.pdf
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