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4 (101), 2021


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Edition of the journal is supported partially by the grant of the Fogarty International Center (FIC) of the National Institute of Health and Illinois University, Chicago.

JOURNAL

ISSN 2077-7477 (Print)
ISSN 2077-7485 (Online)

A journal "Dovkillia ta zdorovia" (Environment & Health) publishes the articles on the problems in the field of medical ecology, hygiene, health protection and ecological safety.

Founder of the Journal:
State Institution "O.M. Marzeiev Institute for Hygiene and Medical Ecology of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine"

Frequency of publication:
quarterly

Environment & HealthISSN: 2077-7477 eISSN: 2077-7485
No: 1 (77)   -   2016   -   Pages: 72-75
Features of the morbidity formation among pre-school age children in dependence of ecological conditions in the places of residence
Rudnytska O.P.1, Berdnyk O.V.1
1 State Institution "O.M. Marzeiev Institute for Public Health of the NAMSU"

: 614. 7: 613: 312. 6 (477)

ABSTRACT:
Objective. We studied the features of the morbidity level formation among the senior pre-school age children residing in the different districts from the ecological point of view.

Materials and methods. We examined the children aged 5-6 years residing and attending pre-school institutions located in different ecological conditions: along the large highways, near industrial enterprises and in relatively pure district in Kyiv. Our materials were obtained with the help of the copy of the data from the primary medical documents at pre-school institutions and surveys of the parents on the development and childs health state at the early stage of ontogenesis. Assessment of the organism resistance was performed on the basis of the determination of multiplicity and duration of acute respiratory infections.

Results. The obtained results demonstrate that a morbidity formation significantly depends on the ecological conditions in the places of residence.The morbidity formation is the most intensive at the territories located along the large highways: the morbidity level in the children of these pre-school institutions increases the similar one in the districts near the industrial enterprises by 1.76 fold, in the relatively pure district by 1.91 fold. The highest proportion of the children which were often ill for a long time and low resistant to the acute respiratory diseases were also revealed at the pre-school institutions located along the highways. So now it is necessary to renew a preventive sanitary inspection for the location of pre-school institutions and environmental control, just the ambient air in the places of their location.

KEYWORDS:
pre-school age children, morbidity, organism resistance, ecological conditions.
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